地球信息科学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 770-774.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2011.00770

• 地质编图与GIS制图专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

亚洲地下水资源与环境地质系列图及GIS系统结构

董华1, 程彦培1, 倪增石1, 张发旺1, 黄志兴1, 田廷山2, 赵继昌2, 高昀1, 刘坤1, 张健康1   

  1. 1. 中国地质科学院水文地质环境地质研究所, 石家庄 050061;
    2. 中国地质环境监测院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2011-06-01 修回日期:2011-11-28 出版日期:2011-12-25 发布日期:2011-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 张发旺(1965-)男,汉族,河北深州人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事矿山水文地质、污染水文地质、地下水资源效应等方面研究.E-mail:fawangzhang@sina.com E-mail:fawangzhang@sina.com
  • 作者简介:董华(1953-),男,汉族,河北抚宁人,教授级高工,主要从事地下水资源与环境地质及其编图方面的研究工作.E-mail:donghua05003@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国地质调查局亚洲地下水资源与环境地质编图项目(1212010813090)资助.

Groundwater Resources and Environmental Geology Serial Maps of Asia and the GIS System Structure

DONG Hua1, CHENG Yanpei1, NI Zengshi1, ZHANG Fawang1, HUANG Zhixing1, TIAN Tingshan2, ZHAO Jichang2, GAO Yun1, LIU Kun1, ZHANG Jiankang1   

  1. 1. Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, CAGS, Shijiazhuang 050061, China;
    2. China Institute of Geological Environment Monitoring, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2011-06-01 Revised:2011-11-28 Online:2011-12-25 Published:2011-12-25

摘要: "亚洲地下水资源及环境地质系列图件"(1:800万)属于洲际尺度图件,包括亚洲水文地质图、亚洲地下水资源图、亚洲地热图和亚洲地下水环境背景图等.针对全球变化,能源危机、资源短缺、环境恶化地质灾害频发的状况,特别是水资源安全保障与地质环境优劣更是直接影响亚洲地区可持续发展,编制上述图件,意义十分重大.亚洲地下水资源及环境地质系列图件,是在亚洲地下水资源及环境地质综合研究基础上,全面分析了国际国内近年来地下水资源与环境地质方面的编图模式,用编制系列图的系统理念,研究制订适合亚洲特点的编图内容及编图方法.应用GIS信息平台,构建亚洲地下水资源与环境GIS系统结构下的数据库,以反映亚洲地下水资源及环境地质时空特征分布规律,为亚洲各国和跨国的自然资源开发利用,水资源规划和地质环境保护防灾减灾,提供科学依据.

关键词: 亚洲, 地下水资源与环境, GIS, 系统结构

Abstract: "Serial maps of groundwater resource and environmental geology of Asia"(at scale of 1:8 000 000), including Hydrogeological Map of Asia, Groundwater Resources Map of Asia, Geothermal Map of Asia and Groundwater Environment Background Map of Asia, has been completed based on the research of groundwater resource and environmental geology and overall analysis of mapping pattern of groundwater resource and environmental geology in recent years at home and abroad. The compilation of series maps is of great significance at present for issues over global climate change, energy crisis, resource shortage and environment deterioration and frequent geological hazards we are facing, especially under the condition that water resource safe guarantee and geological environment directly affect the sustainable development in Asia. The mapping content and method suitable for Asia has been developed in consideration of systematical concept of compiling serial maps. The serial maps reflect spatio-temporal characteristics and distribution regularities of groundwater resource and environmental geology in Asia with the simple graphic language, and with application of GIS information system. The serial maps constitute a database of groundwater resource and environmental geology in Asia so as to provide scientific basis for trans-boundary exploitation and utilization of natural resources, planning of water resource, protection of geological environment and disaster reduction.

Key words: GIS, system structure, Asia, groundwater resource and environment