Journal of Geo-information Science ›› 2020, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 76-87.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2020.190701

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A Tentative Study on System of Software Technology for Artificial Intelligence GIS

SONG Guanfu1,2,3,*(), LU Hao1,2, WANG Chenliang3, HU Chenpu1,2, HUANG Kejia1,2   

  1. 1. SuperMap Software Company Limited, Beijing 100015, China
    2. GIS Technology Innovation Center of Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100015, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-11-20 Revised:2020-01-03 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-04-08
  • Contact: SONG Guanfu E-mail:songguanfu@supermap.com
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFB2100700);National Key Research and Development Program of China(2017YFD0300403)

Abstract:

As the representative technology of Artificial Intelligence, deep learning has been the most exciting breakthrough technologies in big data analysis and other domains researches due to its novel data-driven feature representations learning, instead of handcrafting features based on domain-specific knowledge in traditional modeling. Driven by these technological developments. Artificial Intelligence plays a key role in the researches and applications of next-generation geographical information system software technology. Nevertheless, most researches about AI GIS are still in the stage of immature and preliminary exploration. As a method and technology for the novel architecture of GIS fundamental software, AI GIS is widely used in many earth science applications including remote sensing data analysis, water resources research, spatial epidemiology and environmental health. All these technologies are significantly improving capabilities of data processing of traditional GIS, and being able to extract geospatial information and characteristics from unstructured datasets such as street view or remote sensing imagery, texts. These applications are showing great value and developing potential of AI GIS. However, the existing research on the system of software technology of AI GIS is not comprehensive enough. A variety of AI GIS algorithms or models and their scenario-specific applications are commonly considered to be the most important topic. Few researchers have addressed the issues or theory of Artificial Intelligence GIS technologies system and software architecture. This paper presents and analyzes several levels of Geo-intelligence and discuss its relationships to AI GIS technology system , reviewed the research status in AI and GIS technologies from the domestic and abroad perspectives. Then, the system of software technology of AI GIS is proposed according to the relationships between Artificial Intelligence and GIS. This paper define the architecture of AI GIS into three parts including Geospatial Artificial Intelligence(GeoAI), AI for GIS, and GIS for AI. And concepts and examples for each parts of Artificial Intelligence GIS are also analyzed for illustration. Furthermore, in order to deeply explain and investigate the AI GIS software technologies architecture, this paper provide the example of the design and implementation of SuperMap AI GIS software architectures and production. Finally, this paper discusses the problems that need to be solved in the future development of GIS. The tentative study of AI GIS in this paper may provide a theory for establishing the fundamental GIS software technology architecture of Geo-intelligence, which would helps to promote the deep integration and development of AI and GIS technology, and make suggestions for further research about Geo-intelligence.

Key words: artificial intelligence, software technology of GIS, Geo-intelligence, AI GIS technology architecture, geospatial deep learning, geospatial machine learning, AI pipeline toolkits