地球信息科学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (5): 623-631.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2018.170515

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“海上丝绸之路”沿线重要港口竞争力评价

杨忍1,2, 牟乃夏1,2,*, 彭澎2,3, 刘希亮2, 张恒才2, 陆锋2   

  1. 1. 山东科技大学 测绘科学与工程学院,青岛 266590
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2018-05-29 发布日期:2018-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 牟乃夏
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨忍(1991-),女,硕士生,主要研究方向为海洋交通地理信息科学。E-mail: yangr@lreis.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点项目(ZDRW-ZS-2016-6-3);山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2016DM02)

Evaluation on Competitiveness of Important Ports along the Maritime Silk Road

YANG Ren1,2, MOU Naixia1,2,*, PENG Peng2,3, LIU Xiliang2, ZHANG Hengcai2, LU Feng2   

  1. 1. College of Geomatics of Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2018-05-29 Published:2018-05-20
  • Contact: MOU Naixia
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.ZDRW-ZS-2016-6-3; Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province,No.ZR2016DM02.

摘要:

“海上丝绸之路”是促进亚欧和亚非互联互通的重要通道,对其沿线重要港口的竞争力研究,可以为海上丝绸之路的建设提供参考。本文综合考虑港口的自然条件、腹地环境、基础设施、服务水平、政府廉洁度,及其在航运网络中的地位差别等因素,运用熵权-层次分析法对沿线51个国家的99个重要港口的竞争力进行评价。结果表明,① 港口综合竞争力空间分布呈明显的区域化特征,且与国家经济发展水平显著相关,地中海地区港口竞争力普遍较强,亚洲次之,非洲最弱。② 港口的网络地位对竞争力的影响最大,竞争力强的港口多位于重要水域的战略通道,网络地位高,辐射范围广。③ 我国投资的部分沿线港口综合竞争力与成熟港口之间还存在一定差距,但是具备较大的竞争力提升空间。

关键词: 21世纪海上丝绸之路, 港口, 竞争力, 熵权-层次分析法, 复杂网络

Abstract:

The 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road is designed to go from China's coast to Europe through the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean in one route, and from China's coast through the South China Sea to the South Pacific in the other. The study on the competitiveness of the important ports in this region can provide beneficial suggestions for further constructions of ports. This paper evaluates the competitiveness of 99 important ports in 51 countries along the Maritime Silk Road via entropic weight-analytic hierarchy process with the help of the influence of natural conditions, hinterland, infrastructure, service, corruption perceptions index and different status in the ports' shipping network. This method can objectively assign weights to make the results more scientific. Final results show that (1) the spatial distribution of port competitiveness shows obvious regional characteristics, and it is significantly correlated to the development level of the country. The competitiveness of ports in the Mediterranean region is generally stronger, followed by ports in Asia, and the ports in Africa are the weakest. (2) The network status of a port has the greatest influence on port's competitiveness, and most of the high competitive ports are in strategic channels. (3) Although there are real competitiveness gaps of the ports invested by China compared with the mature ports along the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, a great space exists for further improvement of these ports.

Key words: the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, important ports, port competitiveness, entropy weight-analytic hierarchy process, complex network