地球信息科学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (5): 703-711.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2018.170635

• 遥感科学与应用技术 • 上一篇    

融合数字表面模型的无人机遥感影像城市土地利用分类

宋晓阳1,2(), 黄耀欢3,4,*(), 董东林1, 张飞2   

  1. 1. 中国矿业大学(北京) 地球科学与测绘工程学院, 北京 100083
    2. 中国科学院声学研究所 声场声信息国家重点实验室, 北京 100190
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    4. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-25 修回日期:2018-01-27 出版日期:2018-05-29 发布日期:2018-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 黄耀欢 E-mail:songxy@student.cumtb.edu.cn;huangyh@lreis.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:宋晓阳(1988-),女,博士生,主要从事GIS应用研究。E-mail: songxy@student.cumtb.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0401404)

Urban Land Use Classification from UAV Remote Sensing Images Based on Digital Surface Model

SONG Xiaoyang1,2(), HUANG Yaohuan3,4,*(), DONG Donglin1, ZHANG Fei2   

  1. 1. College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100101, China
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-12-25 Revised:2018-01-27 Online:2018-05-29 Published:2018-05-20
  • Contact: HUANG Yaohuan E-mail:songxy@student.cumtb.edu.cn;huangyh@lreis.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China, No.2016YFC0401404.

摘要:

城市土地利用是城市生态学中的关键问题,深入了解城市的土地利用对合理规划城市功能分区、提升用地效益、促进区域经济与环境发展具有重要意义。因此,城市土地利用类型分类研究一直是城市规划学和城市地理学研究的核心内容之一。快速发展的无人机技术为城市土地利用分类提供了丰富的数据支撑,基于无人机遥感影像建立的数字表面模型(DSM)和数字正射影像(DOM)可以有效提高城市土地利用分类的精度。为了充分利用无人机遥感影像的丰富信息,本文提出了一种融合高分辨率DOM和DSM的城市土地利用分类方法。本文融合了DOM和DSM作为数据源。在面向对象分类方法的基础上,DSM分别被用于多尺度分割过程中像元融合的最终阈值和地物分类过程中的地物高度特征。该方法在天津市宝坻区的京津新城进行了验证,结果表明,相对于最初的多尺度分割方法,融合DSM后的多尺度分割方法的分割质量指数(QR)、过分割指数(OR)、欠分割指数(UR)和综合指数(CR)都有所降低,分割效果明显提高。优化后的面向对象分类方法,在分类精度上有所提高,尤其是道路、建筑物和其他建设用地。总体精度由85%提高到了87.25%,Kappa系数由0.79提高到0.82。由此可看出,优化后的面向对象分类方法可以更有效地进行城市土地利用分类。

关键词: 无人机遥感, 面向对象分类, 土地利用, 数字表面模型(DSM), 数字正射影像(DOM)

Abstract:

Urban land use is a key issue of urban ecology. It is of great significance to understand the urban land use for planning urban functional zones, improving land use efficiency, estimating human population, analyzing urban landscape and promoting regional economic and environmental development. Therefore, urban land use classification research has been one of the core contents of urban planning and urban geography. With the rapid development of Unmanned Aerial Vechicle (UAV) technology, rich UAV data have widely been used in different kinds of fields, especially in the urban land use classification. Digital surface model (DSM) and digital orthophoto map (DOM) obtained from UAV remote sensing images can effectively improve the accuracy of urban land use classification. In order to make full use of the rich information of UAV remote sensing images, an urban land use classification method is proposed using high-resolution DOM and DSM. In this study, the composite bands of DOM and DSM were used as data source. Considering the characteristics of urban land use, the object-oriented classification method was optimized by combining DOM spectral information with DSM, which is used as the final threshold of the pixel merge in multi-resolution segmentation and as height feature in objects classification, respectively. The method was validated in Jingjinxincheng located in Baodi District, Tianjin City. The results showed that, comparing with the initial multi-resolution segmentation method, all of the segmentation quality rate (QR), over-segmentation rate (OR), under-segmentation rate (UR) and comprehensive rate (CR) of optimized multi-resolution segmentation method were reduced, and the effects of image segmentation has been improved significantly. The optimized object-oriented classification method improved the classification accuracy, especially for the extraction of roads, buildings and other constructions. The overall accuracy of the classification results increased from 85% to 87.25% and the Kappa coefficient also increased from 0.79 to 0.82. Therefore, the optimized object-oriented classification method can be used for urban land use study more effectively.

Key words: UAV remote sensing, object-oriented classification, land use, Digital Surface Model (DSM), digital orthophoto map (DOM)