地球信息科学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (6): 862-870.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2018.180100

• 2017年中国地理信息科学理论与方法学术年会优秀论文专辑 • 上一篇    

长江三角洲城市化地区植被初级生产力的时空变化研究

裴凤松1(), 王坤1, 刘小平2,1,*(), 吴长江1, 周义1, 刘利安1   

  1. 1. 江苏师范大学地理测绘与城乡规划学院,徐州 221116
    2. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-08 修回日期:2018-03-28 出版日期:2018-06-20 发布日期:2018-07-12
  • 通讯作者: 刘小平 E-mail:peifs@foxmail.com;liuxp3@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:裴凤松(1982-),男,博士,副教授,研究方向为GIS和地理模拟。E-mail: peifs@foxmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401438);大学生创新训练计划项目(201710320030)

Temporal-spatial Dynamics of Vegetation Primary Productivity in the Urbanized Areas in the Yangtze River Delta, China

PEI Fengsong1(), WANG Kun1, LIU Xiaoping1,2,*(), WU Changjiang1, ZHOU Yi1, LIU Li'an1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-02-08 Revised:2018-03-28 Online:2018-06-20 Published:2018-07-12
  • Contact: LIU Xiaoping E-mail:peifs@foxmail.com;liuxp3@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41401438;National Students' Project for Innovation Traing Program, No.201710320030

摘要:

城市化过程对植被初级生产具有重要影响。以往研究主要集中于城市用地扩张对植被初级生产力的直接影响分析,而较少关注其间接效果。本文以长江三角洲地区为例,分别从地区尺度和城市尺度分别分析了2000-2013年植被初级生产力的时空变化,探讨了其与气温、降水量及城市建成区绿化覆盖率的关系。研究表明:地区尺度上,2000-2013年长江三角洲植被初级生产力呈现不断增加,其中城市建成区植被初级生产力呈现显著增加的趋势(P<0.05);城市尺度上,城市建成区内植被初级生产力主要呈现增加的趋势,而其外围缓冲区内则与此相反。在当前气候变化背景下,这可能与城市建成区绿化覆盖率不断增加,及快速的城市扩张有关。

关键词: 城市建成区, 植被初级生产力, 绿化覆盖率, 归因分析, 长江三角洲

Abstract:

The process of urbanization, especially the urban land expansion, frequently shows an important influence on vegetation primary productivity. Past studies mainly focused on the direct impacts of urban land sprawl on the vegetation primary productivity, such as transformation of natural land use into urban impervious surface. However, little effort was exerted to understand the indirect impacts of urban land use (i.e., changes of urban greenery coverage). Taking the Yangtze River Delta, China as a case study, this paper analyzed the temporal and spatial changes of vegetation primary productivity in the study area during 2000-2013. The analysis was conducted by cities and over the whole region, respectively. The relationships between vegetation primary productivity in the urban built-up area and the corresponding size of the built-up area were further analyzed for cities by using statistical analysis. Mechanisms of the changes in vegetation primary productivity were explored from both the large and local scales. That is, correlations were examined between vegetation primary productivity and regional meteorological factors (i.e., the annual mean temperature and total precipitation), as well as greenery coverage rate over the built-up area at different cities. The results show that the vegetation primary productivity in the study area showed an overall increased trend from 2000 to 2013 at a regional scale. In particular, the average vegetation primary productivity revealed a significant increasing trend during 2000-2013 in the urban built-up areas in the Yangtze River Delta (P < 0.05). At city scale, the vegetation primary productivity mainly revealed increased trends over the period 2000-2013 in the built-up area in most of the cities. However, the trends were reversed in the 0~10 km buffer zone of the built-up areas. Under the condition of climate change, this increase of vegetation primary productivity might be associated with the increase of urban greenery coverage in the urban built-up areas, as well as the fast urban expansion in the Yangtze River Delta.

Key words: build-up area, primary productivity, greenery coverage, attribution analysis, Yangtze River Delta