地球信息科学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (9): 1298-1305.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2018.180144

• 遥感科学与应用技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国高分辨率对地观测系统共性应用技术规范体系框架研究

周月敏1,2(), 周翔1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 遥感卫星应用国家工程实验室,北京 100101
    2. 国家地理空间信息中心,北京 100070
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-20 修回日期:2018-06-05 出版日期:2018-09-25 发布日期:2018-09-25
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周月敏(1974-),女,博士,副研究员,主要从事遥感应用、地理空间信息共享应用研究。E-mail: 15333893488@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家高分辨率对地观测系统重大专项(30-Y2001-9003-16/17)

The System Framework of Technical Standards for Common Applications in China High-resolution Earth Observation System

ZHOU Yuemin1,2(), ZHOU Xiang1   

  1. 1. National Engineering Laboratory of Remote Sensing Satellites, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China
    2. State Geospatial Information Center, Beijing 100070, China
  • Received:2018-03-20 Revised:2018-06-05 Online:2018-09-25 Published:2018-09-25
  • Supported by:
    China High-resolution Earth Observation System Major Project, No.30-Y2001-9003-16/17.

摘要:

在研究分析国内外遥感应用标准规范研制现状基础上,从中国各有关行业遥感应用业务对标准规范的实际需要出发,梳理分析高分专项应用系统共性标准规范的实际需求。采用统一建模工具(UML)和面向对象的软件分析和设计方法,基于信息视角和计算视角,研究提出了中国高分专项应用系统共性技术规范体系框架,包括基础标准、专业应用标准和主题应用标准3个层次,涉及通用类、数据类、数据产品类、应用服务类、管理类、专业应用类和主题应用类共7大类、42小类。根据高分专项应用系统共性技术规范体系框架,研究提出各类体系下需要研究制定的具体标准规范。其中基础标准是本项研究的重点,基础标准涉及5大类、24类小类。针对基础标准,研究提出了目前需要研究制定的具体技术规范共48项。

关键词: 高分辨率, 对地观测系统, 遥感应用, 标准规范, 体系框架

Abstract:

High-resolution remote sensing data has become a major source of information for natural resources monitoring, disaster assessment and ecological environmental protection and so on with the implementation of the major high-resolution earth observation system project. But the standard specification of remote sensing application is always a weak link in the development of remote sensing industrialization. On the basis of the research and analysis of the development status of standards for remote sensing applications at home and abroad, requirements for common standards for the applications system of China high-resolution earth observation system were analyzed from the actual needs of the remote sensing application business of various related industries in our country for the standard specifications. Adopting the unified modeling tool (UML) and object-oriented software analysis and design method, from the information perspective and the computing perspective, the general technical specification system framework for the applications system of China high-resolution earth observation system is proposed, including three kinds of levels including basic standards level, professional application standards level and subject application standards level, involving 7 categories of general classes, data classes, data products, application services, management, professional application and subject application, totally consisting of 42 sub categories. According to the common technical specification system framework of the application system, the research puts forward specific standards and specifications that need to be studied and formulated under each class. Among them, the basic standard is the focus of this research, and the basic standard involves 5 categories, 24 sub categories. In view of the basic standards, 48 specific technical specifications that need to be studied are put forward. In the future, the common application technical specification system of high resolution earth observation system in China will be continuously developed and perfected with the progress of the project and the formulation, implementation and test of the standard.

Key words: high-resolution, earth observation system, remote sensing applications, standard specification, system framework