地球信息科学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (11): 1604-1612.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2018.180258

• 地理空间分析综合应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆冰雪旅游资源适宜性评价研究

张雪莹(), 张正勇*(), 刘琳   

  1. 石河子大学理学院,石河子 832000
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-17 修回日期:2018-08-16 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 张正勇 E-mail:zxy970716@163.com;zyz0815@163.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张雪莹(1997-),女,本科生,研究方向为水文水资源及气候变化。E-mail: zxy970716@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41761108);国家大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201710759065);石河子大学“3152”高层次人才培养支持计划项目(CZ0227)

Suitability Evaluation of Ice and Snow Tourism Resources in Xinjiang

ZHANG Xueying(), ZHANG Zhengyong*(), LIU Lin   

  1. College of Science, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China
  • Received:2018-05-17 Revised:2018-08-16 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-20
  • Contact: ZHANG Zhengyong E-mail:zxy970716@163.com;zyz0815@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41761108;National College Students Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program, No.201710759065;The "3152" High-Level Personnel Training Support Program Project of ShiHeZi University, No.CZ0227.

摘要:

冰雪旅游正在成为冬季旅游出行的新选择。新疆冰雪旅游资源丰富,如何合理开发利用资源成为当地旅游开发亟待解决的问题,因此本文从旅游资源适宜性角度出发,选取自然条件、旅游资源、社会经济和交通可达性等方面的18个影响因子,采用层次分析法(AHP)和熵值法(EWM)确定组合权重,运用GIS空间分析技术和多因子加权评价模型(MCE)对研究区冰雪旅游资源适宜性进行评价。研究结果显示:① 就自然条件来看,伊犁东部、阿勒泰北部沿山脉边缘的丘陵和平原等地区较适宜发展冰雪旅游;② 阿勒泰地区和乌鲁木齐市的旅游资源相关基础设施完备,昌吉和伊犁在旅游资源方面也有较强竞争力;③ 社会经济来看,伊犁、乌鲁木齐市和阿勒泰地区为代表的北疆城市较南疆有更强的游客接待能力;④ 伊犁、乌昌经济带沿线地区交通可达性明显优于南疆各地州市。新疆冰雪旅游综合适宜性指数为1.8622-7.5724之间,其中天山北坡、阿勒泰北部、伊犁、塔城北部、哈密中部等地区为高度适宜;南疆大部分区域处于中低度适宜。建议通过加强新型旅游资源开发和整合,积极承办大型冰雪运动相关赛事,借助丝绸之路经济带发展交通道路建设,以加速推进新疆冰雪旅游发展。本研究可为冰雪旅游区开发和选址提供空间导向和科学依据。

关键词: 新疆, GIS, 冰雪旅游, 适宜性, 评价

Abstract:

The ice-snow tourism is becoming a new option for People who want to travel in the winter. Xinjiang is rich in ice and snow tourism resources. Therefore, it will be a problem of local tourism exploitation to be tackled immediately how to tap and utilize resources. From the light of tourism resources suitability, the thesis evaluates on the tourism resources suitability of researching zone, selecting 18 elements including natural conditions, tourism resources, social economy and transportation connectivity, taking Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Entropy Weight Method (EWM) to identify the group weight and using GIS spatial analysis and Multi-criteria Evaluation (MCE) model. The results show: (1)As natural condition goes, the eastern part of Yili District and the plain and the hills in the rim of Mountains in northern part of Altay District are suitable for ice-snow tourism; (2) The relevant infrastructure of the tourism resources are nearly self-contained in Altay and Urumqi. Changji District and Yili District are also competitive in tourism resources. (3)As for social economy, the cites in northern Xinjiang like Yili, Urumqi and Altay District are stronger in acceptance ability of visitors than that in Southern Xinjiang. (4) The traffic accessibility of the areas along the U-Chang economic belt and Yili District is clearly better than that in the cities in southern part of Xinjiang. The comprehensive suitability index of ice-snow tourism in Xinjiang is between 1.8622 and 7.5724, of which the north slopes of the Tianshan Mountains, north Altay District, Yili District, north Tacheng District, and central Hami District are in high suitability; Most part of southern Xinjiang are moderately suitable regions. For better development, we need to reinforce exploitation and coordination new tourism resources and actively undertake large snow sports competitions as well. We should take advantages of the Silk Road to develop cities' transportation, to accelerate the development of ice and snow tourism in Xinjiang. This study can provide spatial guidance and scientific evidence for ice-snow tourism development and site selection.

Key words: Xinjiang, GIS, ice and snow tourism, suitability, evaluate