地球信息科学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 496-503.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2019.180422

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国面向遥感应用的垂直起降无人机现状和 应用前景分析

杨梦琳(), 李道春, 万志强, 严德*(), 王耀坤   

  1. 北京航空航天大学航空科学与工程学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-01 修回日期:2019-03-07 出版日期:2019-04-24 发布日期:2019-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 严德 E-mail:zy1605327@buaa.edu.cn;yande@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨梦琳(1994-),女,河北沧州人,硕士生,研究方向为飞行器设计。E-mail: zy1605327@buaa.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0503002)

Current Status and Application Prospect Analysis of VTOL-UAVs for Remote Sensing Applications in China

Menglin YANG(), Daochun LI, Zhiqiang WAN, De YAN*(), Yaokun WANG   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-09-01 Revised:2019-03-07 Online:2019-04-24 Published:2019-04-25
  • Contact: De YAN E-mail:zy1605327@buaa.edu.cn;yande@buaa.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    The National Key R&D program of China Grant No.2017YFB0503002

摘要:

近年来,针对中国生态环境、洪涝灾害应急响应、国土安全监测等遥感观测任务,无人航空遥感手段需求越来越多。构建异构无人航空器遥感观测多任务集群系统是近几年的发展目标,为完成无人航空遥感生态建设,垂直起降无人机以其不受场地限制起降又可快速巡飞的特点,在多个领域发挥着越来越大的作用。本文主要研究内容包括国内垂直起降无人机发展现状调研、面向航空遥感应用市场的无人机分析及典型机型介绍、垂直起降无人机在遥感领域的应用场景及案例分析、垂直起降无人机在遥感领域的应用前景及发展趋势等。通过广泛调研及深入分析可知,目前垂直起降固定翼无人机正逐步取代多旋翼飞行器的主导地位;垂直起降无人机占据了遥感应用无人机80.47%的市场份额;动力多元化、系统智能化、布局多样化、尺寸小型化等是面向遥感应用的垂直起降无人机的发展方向。本文较为全面地阐述和剖析了面向遥感应用的垂直起降无人机的相关内容,为遥感航空无人机生态建设提供了参考与支撑。

关键词: 遥感应用, 垂直起降, 无人机, 应用前景, 技术趋势

Abstract:

In recent years, demand of unmanned aerial remote sensing tools is growing for ecological environment, flood disaster emergency response, land security monitoring and other remote sensing observation tasks. Building heterogeneous UAV remote sensing observation multi-task cluster system is the development goal in recent years. In order to complete the ecological construction of UAV remote sensing, vertical take-off and landing UAV plays an increasingly important role in many fields because of its characteristics of fast patrol and taking-off and landing without site restrictions. The main contents of this paper include the research on the development status of domestic vertical take-off and landing UAV, the analysis of UAVs for the aviation remote sensing application market and the introduction of typical UAV models, the application scenarios and case analysis of the vertical take-off and landing UAV in the field of remote sensing, and the application prospects and development trends of the vertical take-off and landing UAV in the field of remote sensing. Through extensive research and in-depth analysis, it is known that the vertical take-off and landing UAVs with fixed-wing are gradually replacing the dominant position of multi-rotor aircraft; vertical take-off and landing UAVs occupy 80.47% of the market share of remote sensing application drones; Diversified power, intelligent system, diversified layout, and small size are the development direction of vertical take-off and landing UAVs for remote sensing applications. This paper comprehensively expounded and analyzed the related content of vertical take-off and landing UAVs for remote sensing applications, and provides reference and support for the ecological construction of remote sensing aviation drones.

Key words: remote sensing application, vertical takeoff and landing, UAV, application foreground, technology trends