地球信息科学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 1083-1094.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2020.190575

• “空间综合人文学与社会科学”专辑 • 上一篇    下一篇

传统聚落景观基因的地理信息特征及其理解

胡最*()   

  1. 衡阳师范学院城市与旅游学院,衡阳 421001
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-02 修回日期:2019-12-20 出版日期:2020-05-25 发布日期:2020-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 胡最 E-mail:fuyanghuzui@163.com
  • 作者简介:胡最(1977— ),男,湖南宁乡人,博士,教授,主要从事GIS、地图符号、DTA、景观基因研究。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771188);国家自然科学基金项目(41701163);衡阳师院基金项目(16D14);湖南省社科评审委课题(XSP17YBZC008);湖南省社科基金(2017ZDB050)

A Research on the Geographical Information Features of Traditional Settlement Landscape Gene and the Related Understanding Approaches

HU Zui*()   

  1. College of City& Tourism Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421001, China
  • Received:2019-10-02 Revised:2019-12-20 Online:2020-05-25 Published:2020-07-25
  • Contact: HU Zui E-mail:fuyanghuzui@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771188);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701163);Foundation of Hengyang Normal University(16D14);Foundation of Social Science Council of Hunan Province(XSP17YBZC008);Foundation of Social Science of Hunan Province(2017ZDB050)

摘要:

传统聚落是民族传统文化遗产的重要组成部分,对社会经济和文化建设具有重要的价值。针对现有研究缺乏探讨传统聚落景观基因(简称景观基因)蕴藏的地理信息特征及理解方法,论文从以下方面开展了深入分析:① 地理信息包含了语义描述、几何形态、属性特征、维度、时空框架、尺度、要素相互关系(空间关联)、演化过程(存在状态)等属性;② 景观基因是一种特殊的文化因子,蕴含着丰富的哲理,是认识传统聚落特征的分析方法,也是文化符号的集合;③ 景观基因包含了空间定位、载体特征、历史与文化特征等丰富的地理信息。根据前述分析结果,论文从符号化、数据挖掘、谱系分析与空间格局制图等途径系统地探讨了景观基因地理信息特征的理解方法。论文认为:在地理时空大数据与地理服务日益深化发展的背景下,结合GIS原理探讨景观基因的地理信息特征对于延伸地理信息科学的内涵,深化传统聚落的地学认识,促进人文GIS的发展具有积极的意义,今后应该继续加强相关方法探索。

关键词: 传统聚落, 景观基因, 地理信息特征, 理解, 符号化, 数据挖掘, 谱系分析, 空间格局制图

Abstract:

A large number of traditional settlements are considered as a major part of China's excellent cultural heritages. These traditional settlements have been receiving increasing attention since the end of last century because they play an important role in promoting social and cultural constructions and can support social strategies, such as Chinese Great Rejuvenation. The theory of Cultural Landscape Genes of Traditional Settlement (CLGTS) proposed by Chinese scholars at the beginning of this century caters to the current social needs for preservation and development of traditional settlements and corresponding cultural heritages. CLGTS has attracted more and more scholars nationwide to analyze or interpret the core traditional cultural features of traditional settlements from the perspective of bioinformation. However, there is still a lack of research findings on the geographical information features of traditional settlement landscape genes and related understanding approaches. To explore this issue and find possible solutions, this work focuses on the following aspects: (1) People need conceptual, description, and measurement systems while analyzing and capturing geographical information. Because geographical information contains some key attributes that allow us to model the geographic world correctly, such as semantics, geometries, properties, dimensions, spatio-temporal frameworks, spatial association, existence states. (2) Traditional settlement landscape genes are one of the most special cultural elements due to their rich dialectical features. This shows that traditional settlement landscape genes are a potential way to understand the cultural characteristics of traditional settlements. In addition, traditional settlement landscape genes are also considered as the collections of cultural symbols. (3) In a wide range, we can extract rich geographic information from the traditional settlement landscape genes, such as spatial positioning, carriers, history, as well as cultures. According to the above, this work tries to establish the potential approaches to capture the geographical information connotation of traditional settlement landscape genes. Based on the practice and corresponding experiments, this work explores and proposes four methods: symbolization, data mining, family tree analysis, and spatial pattern mapping. It is well known that big spatio-temporal data is driving us to develop new methods or technologies to understand geographic information features of the world well. Through this work, it is clear that exploring the geographical information features of traditional settlement landscape genes is of great significance. Because this not only help us understand the traditional settlements and corresponding cultural heritages in depth but also help us extend the horizon of GIS discipline and promote the development of Human-GIS. In future work, we should pay more attention to exploring ways of understanding the mechanisms of geographic information features of traditional settlement landscape genes.

Key words: traditional settlements, landscape genes, geographical information features, understanding, symbolizing, data mining, family tree analysis, spatial pattern mapping