地球信息科学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 688-696.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2020.200018

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现代地貌制图学的发展与展望——纪念陈述彭先生诞辰100周年

程维明1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-07 修回日期:2020-02-10 出版日期:2020-04-25 发布日期:2020-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 程维明 E-mail:chengwm@lreis.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:程维明(1973— ),男,甘肃天水人,博士,研究员,主要从事数字地貌与GIS研究。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571388)

Development and Prospect of Modern Geomorphological Cartography:Commemorating the 100 th Anniversary of Mr. Chen Shupeng's Birthday

CHENG Weiming1,2,*()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-01-07 Revised:2020-02-10 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-10
  • Contact: CHENG Weiming E-mail:chengwm@lreis.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571388)

摘要:

陈述彭先生是中国地理学家、遥感学家、地理信息系统学家,是我国现代地图学、遥感与地球信息科学的一面旗帜。在纪念陈先生诞辰100周年之际,通过梳理先生对我国地貌制图学发展的贡献,传承他的科研经验,感悟他的科研精神等。通过对陈先生在地貌制图学研究成果的归纳,进一步梳理国内外地貌制图学的发展历程,总结我国地貌类型图、地貌区划图、数字地形分析与制图等方面取得的成果。展望现代地貌制图学的发展,将在区域精细地形表达、中国精细地貌类型与区划制图、全球地貌类型与区划制图、行星形貌制图、地貌过程数值模拟等方面继续探索,努力将中国的地貌制图学发扬光大。

关键词: 地貌学, 地貌制图学, 地貌类型, 地貌区划, 地貌信息图谱, 全球地貌, 行星地貌, 地貌过程

Abstract:

Mr Chen Shupeng, a famous Chinese geographer, remote sensing scientist, and geographic information system scientist, is the banner of modern cartography, remote sensing and Earth information science in China. Mr. Chen adhered to a scientific spirit of being down-to-earth, pioneering and brave. His spirit has influenced generations of scientists and students. Landform is the main element of Earth surface. The subject of geomorphology is to study the characteristics of Earth surface morphology and Earth surface processes. As the main element of Earth surface, landform types and cartography have been heated research topics in a long term in geography and other related disciplines. Researches related to geomorphologic cartography can provide basic and useful data for national economic construction. In commemoration of the 100 th anniversary of Mr. Chen's birth, we reviewed his enormous contribution in geomorphologic cartography in China, such as the topographic mapping based on bird's-eye view, the classification of landform types in Tengchong using remote sensing, and the large-scale landscape mapping in Huang-Huai-Hai Plain. Meanwhile, Mr. Chen firstly put forward the idea of using geographic information to study geoscientific issues. The development of Geo-info-TUPU was resulted from the organic integration of number, shape and philosophy. Through review, the development history of modern geomorphologic cartography in China was summarized, as well as the compilation of the geomorphologic type map and the geomorphologic regionalization map. To date, Chinese researchers have made great progress in application of geomorphologic regionalization theory and methodology, e.g., the publication of Geomorphological Atlas of People's Republic of China. By reviewing the development of modern geomorphological cartography, we will continue to explore new areas, including refining regional topography, refining China's geomorphologic types and geomorphologic regionalization, mapping global geomorphologic types and regionalization, mapping planetary topography, numerical simulation of geomorphologic processes, and etc. We will carry forward the achievements made by Mr. Chen and devote ourselves to future development of geomorphologic cartography.

Key words: Geomorphology, Geomorphologic Cartography, Geomorphologic types, Geomorphologic regionalization, Geomorphologic information spectrum, Global landform, Planetary geomorphology, Geomorphologic progress