地球信息科学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 662-672.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2020.200048

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从地理信息系统到虚拟地理环境的认知转变

林珲1,*(), 胡明远2, 陈旻3, 张帆4,6, 游兰5, 陈宇婷2   

  1. 1. 江西师范大学鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室,南昌 330022
    2. 香港中文大学太空与地球信息科学研究所,香港 9990777
    3. 南京师范大学虚拟地理环境教育部重点实验室,南京 210023
    4. 北京大学遥感与地理信息系统研究所,北京 100871
    5. 湖北大学计算机与信息工程学院,武汉 430062
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-03 修回日期:2020-02-20 出版日期:2020-04-25 发布日期:2020-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 林珲 E-mail:huilin@cuhk.edu.hk
  • 作者简介:林珲(1954—),男,广东汕头人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事虚拟地理环境、多云多雨环境遥感、城市和城市群GIS及空间综合人文学与社会科学研究。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41671378)

Cognitive Transformation from Geographic Information System to Virtual Geographic Environments

LIN Hui1,*(), HU Mingyuan2, CHEN Min3, ZHANG Fan4,6, YOU Lan5, CHEN Yuting2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Ecological Environment and Resource Development, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
    2. Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong 999077, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Institute of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    5. School of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
  • Received:2020-02-03 Revised:2020-02-20 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-10
  • Contact: LIN Hui E-mail:huilin@cuhk.edu.hk
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671378)

摘要:

自20世纪60年代初以来,地理信息系统引领了地理信息的分析与服务。然而,由于地理学家对于地理过程开展多维模拟的需求,同时许多大型工程需要对于不同方案的后果事先开展模拟评估,为此中国学者们在世纪相交之际开始了对于虚拟地理环境的探索。本文从地理信息系统到虚拟地理环境的认识上的转变着手,分析了虚拟地理环境的演进过程、当前的阶段定位与挑战,着重探讨了虚拟地理环境研究的新态势:基于虚拟地理环境的地理空间认知研究、虚拟地理环境与实验地理学新方向、大数据背景下的虚拟地理认知实验方法和虚拟地理环境与地理知识工程,并给出最新研究思路。

关键词: 地理信息, 地理信息系统, 虚拟地理环境, 地理空间认知, 地理过程模拟, 地理协同, 实验地理学, 地理知识工程

Abstract:

Since the beginning of 1960s, Geographic Information System (GIS) has been advanced in the analysis of geographic information and the services generated from it. Yet the rate of demands from geographers and large engineering projects continues to accelerate in the multi-dimensional geographic process simulation and the assessment of simulation results before those projects carried out. The set of increasing demands gives the Chinese scholars a sense of direction to explore the emerging concept Virtual Geographic Environments (VGEs) over the subsequent decades. In a broad sense, the VGEs is a collective term for all geographic environments except the real geographic environment while in the narrow sense, the virtual geographic environment can be considered as a computer-generated digital geographic environment in which the complex geographic systems are perceived and cognized by means of multi-channel human-computer interaction, distributed geographic modeling and simulation, and cyberspace geographic collaboration. From the very beginning, this paper elaborates on the transformation from the understanding of GIS to VGEs. In the second place, the evolution process of VGEs is analyzed including its current developing stage and a series of challenges it faced with. Aimed at facilitating the research on geoscience in the context of advanced technologies and accumulated geospatial information, this paper describes the new perspectives of VGEs research as followed: geographic space based on VGEs cognitive research, VGEs and experimental geography, virtual geographic cognitive experimental methods, and VGEs and geographic knowledge engineering in the context of big data. It can be foreseen that the study of VGEs is gradually moving towards an open, group-participated, collaborative scientific research paradigm. This is also a true reflection of the development trend of scientific research in the field of geography.

Key words: geographic information, Geographic Information System, Virtual Geographic Environments, geo-spatial cognition, geo-process modeling, geo-collaboration, experimental geography, geo-knowledge engineering