地球信息科学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 751-759.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2020.200209

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GIS在中国旅游资源研究与应用中的现状及趋势

王英杰1,2, 张桐艳1,2, 李鹏3,*(), 虞虎1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-08 修回日期:2020-04-21 出版日期:2020-04-25 发布日期:2020-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 李鹏 E-mail:gislipeng@126.com
  • 作者简介:王英杰(1961— ),男,陕西西安人,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为旅游GIS,地图制图学与地理信息系统,旅游资源开发与规划。E-mail:wangyj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    新世纪版《中华人民共和国国家大地图集》编研项目(2013FY112800)

Research on the Application Status and Trends of GIS Used in Tourism Resources in China

WANG Yingjie1,2, ZHANG Tongyan1,2, LI Peng3,*(), YU Hu1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Marine Economics and Sustainable Development Research Center, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2020-04-08 Revised:2020-04-21 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-10
  • Contact: LI Peng E-mail:gislipeng@126.com
  • Supported by:
    "Atlas of the People's Republic of China (New Century Edition)" Research(2013FY112800)

摘要:

随着现代信息技术的不断发展,GIS在旅游研究与应用愈来愈深入。目前,GIS已经广泛的应用到旅游资源研究中,尤其在旅游资源空间分类、评价、旅游规划、旅游资源管理、旅游开发利用等方面取得了较大的进展。首先,本文综述了近些年来GIS在旅游资源研究中的文献资料,研究发现GIS空间分析理论与方法在旅游资源研究与开发中的应用较为广泛,但在旅游资源认知、分类及评价等方面仍存在一些尚未解决的问题。其次,在总结前人和课题组研究成果的基础上,对旅游资源认知、分类与标准化理论进行了相关论述。通过梳理GIS建模技术与空间分析方法在旅游资源信息提取与分析、旅游资源评价、旅游资源开发规划等相关研究成果中发现,旅游资源研究方法已从定性描述走向定量模型,应用成果不断增多,涉及综合评价、空间结构优化、空间布局与选址、空间发展趋势预测、空间利用规划等方面。最后,提出了未来在旅游资源知识模型、旅游资源图谱、旅游资源多维仿真以及旅游资源大数据等方面的相关展望。

关键词: GIS技术, 旅游资源, 旅游资源认知, 旅游资源分类, 旅游资源评价, GIS空间分析, 应用现状, 发展趋势

Abstract:

With the continuous development of modern information technology, GIS has been widely used in tourism fields, especially on all aspects research of tourism resources, including the tourism resources spatial classification, tourism resource monomers evaluation, tourism resource planning mapping, tourism resources management, tourism resources development and utilization, which have obtained the significant achievements. The analysis of the current situation and trend of GIS in the research and application of tourism resources in China is of great significance to understand the theoretical technology system and guide the application of tourism resources. Firstly, this paper reviews the literature in which GIS is used in the research of tourism resources for recent years. According to the study, we found that the GIS theory and method have made substantial progress on the mapping and evaluation of tourism resources. However, the cognition, classification and evaluation of tourism resources remain unsolved problems which included spatial scale and dimension, types of recognition and switching, spatial coupling, the transformation relationship between resources and products, development sequence, etc. However, there are still some unsolved problems in the fields, such as tourism resources cognition, classification and evaluation. Secondly, through summarizes the predecessors' research achievements and group for many years, tourism resources survey, evaluation, planning experience, the paper systematically discusses the tourism resources cognition, tourism resources classification, tourism resources standardization and tourism resources evaluation. At the same time, the paper also discusses the GIS spatial analysis method applies to the regional difference of tourism resources, tourism traffic location, spatial combination analysis, trend prediction and the spatial correlation analysis. Through combing GIS modeling and spatial analysis methods in the tourism resources information extraction and analysis, evaluation of tourism resources, tourism resources development planning and other relevant studies,we found that tourism resources research methods changed from qualitative description to quantitative model, and the application results continued to increase, involved in the comprehensive evaluation, spatial structure optimization, spatial layout and site selection, space development trend forecast, space utilization planning, etc. Finally, we put forward the trend of tourism resources in the future, regarding the knowledge model, knowledge mapping, multidimensional simulation and big data of the tourism resources. The trend of the integrated development of GIS and tourism resource research focuses on the innovation of spatial thinking mode and technological method. The new research includes that increasing GIS scholar invested in the research of tourism resources, building a case for the development of tourism resources and the knowledge model, an intelligent dynamic 3d visualization, increasing the immersion, experience and spatial decision making of tourism researchers and tourists.

Key words: GIS technology, tourism resource, tourism resources cognition, tourism resources classification, tourism resources evaluation, spatial analysis, application status, the development trend