地球信息科学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 365-376.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2021.200063

• 地球信息科学理论与方法 •    下一篇

面向自然资源统一管理的多源土地利用信息一致性分析评价

刘稳1,2(), 詹庆明1,2,*(), 赵中元3, 林苏靖3, 肖琨4, 李荣1,2   

  1. 1.武汉大学城市设计学院, 武汉 430072
    2.武汉大学数字城市研究中心,武汉 430072
    3.武汉市自然资源和规划局,武汉430014
    4.武汉市测绘研究院,武汉 430022
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-08 修回日期:2020-04-17 出版日期:2021-03-25 发布日期:2021-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 詹庆明 E-mail:lw_whu@whu.edu.cn;qmzhan@whu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘 稳(1991- ),男,湖北咸宁人,博士生,现主要从事大数据在国土空间规划中的应用、数字城乡规划与管理等研究。E-mail: lw_whu@whu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(52078389);国家自然科学基金项目(51878515);国家自然科学基金项目(41331175)

Consistency Evaluation of Multi-source Land Use Information to Unify the Management of Natural Resources

LIU Wen1,2(), ZHAN Qingming1,2,*(), ZHAO Zhongyuan3, Lin Sujing3, XIAO Kun4, LI Rong1,2   

  1. 1. School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    2. Digital City Research Center, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    3. Wuhan Natural Resource and Planning Bureau, Wuhan 430014, China
    4. Wuhan Geomatics Institute, Wuhan 430022, China
  • Received:2020-02-08 Revised:2020-04-17 Online:2021-03-25 Published:2021-05-25
  • Contact: ZHAN Qingming E-mail:lw_whu@whu.edu.cn;qmzhan@whu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(52078389);National Natural Science Foundation of China(51878515);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41331175)

摘要:

在国家机构改革和规划体制改革的背景下,理清地理国情监测与其他自然资源调查监测成果的差异,发挥其客观、精细等优势特征,促进其更好地服务于自然资源调查监管和国土空间开发管控显得迫切需要。本文以武汉市为研究对象,通过对地理国情内容指标与“两规”用地分类标准进行对比分析,并选取地理国情监测数据与“两规”用地数据进行对接试验,综合考虑不同数据之间的一致性特征以及地理国情监测在国土空间开发管控中的适用性,提出新时期地理国情监测工作的优化建议。研究表明,地理国情监测数据与“两规”用地数据在分类指导思想、分类构成体系、数据技术标准等方面存在不同程度、不同类型的差异,导致其直接用于国土空间规划编制尚且较难;今后地理国情监测应明确其作为专题监测在自然资源调查监测体系中的作用和定位,进一步完善监测内容、优化分类体系、统一技术标准,促进其更好地应用于自然资源调查监管和国土空间开发管控。

关键词: 国土空间规划, 土地利用规划, 城市规划, 地理国情, 用地分类, 多源信息, 一致性, 武汉市

Abstract:

In the context of China's planning system reform, territorial space planning is one of the important methods that promote the scientific management of natural resources and realize regional sustainable development. It is helpful to solve the overlaps and contradictions between land use planning, urban planning, and main functional area planning. In order to improve the reasonableness and authority of natural resources surveys and territorial space management, with the advantages of objective and precise geographical conditions monitoring data, it is urgent to clarify the differences between geographical conditions monitoring and other natural resources surveys, so as to better serve the survey and supervision of natural resources and the management of territorial space. This paper first analyzes the differences in land use classifications between the geographical conditions monitoring and the “two plans”, and then selects a specific experimental area in Wuhan for an empirical analysis. Finally, given the differences of data between geographical conditions monitoring and the “two plans” land use and the applicability of geographical conditions monitoring in territorial space planning, we put forward some suggestions for optimizing geographical conditions monitoring for territorial space management in the new era. The results show that there are different degrees and types of differences in the guiding principles, composition system, and technical standards of land use classification for geographical conditions monitoring data and “two plans” land use data, which makes the former difficult to be directly applied to the compilation of territorial space planning. In order to promote the application of geographical conditions monitoring datasets in compilation, implementation, and management of territorial space planning, it is necessary to further define its basic position in the system of natural resources survey, monitoring, and management, improve the monitoring content, optimize the classification system, and unify the technical standards. With the preliminary construction of natural resources survey and monitoring system and gradual improvement of territorial space planning system, geographical conditions monitoring should rely on its technical advantages, clarify its service content and objects, and build a comprehensive application framework system in the future to make it play an important role in natural resources management.

Key words: territorial space planning, land use planning, urban planning, geographical conditions, land use classification, multi-source information, consistency, Wuhan