地球信息科学学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 1019-1033.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2022.210306

• 综述 •    下一篇

“一带一路”经济走廊资源环境信息开发利用研究进展与展望

王卷乐1,2,3,4,*(), 魏海硕1, 严欣荣1,2, 张敏1,2, 韩雪华1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.中国-巴基斯坦地球科学研究中心,伊斯兰堡 45320
    4.江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-31 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-08-25
  • 作者简介:王卷乐(1976— ),男,河南洛阳人,研究员,主要从事资源环境科学数据集成与共享研究。E-mail: wangjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971385);中国工程科技知识中心建设项目(CKCEST-2021-2-18)

Review and Perspective for Resources and Environmental Information Development and Service along the Economic Corridors of the "Belt and Road" Initiative

WANG Juanle1,2,3,4,*(), WEI Haishuo1, YAN Xinrong1,2, ZHANG Min1,2, HAN Xuehua1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. China-Pakistan Joint Research Centre on Earth Sciences, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
    4. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2021-05-31 Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-08-25
  • Contact: *WANG Juanle, E-mail: wangjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971385);The Construction Project of China Knowledge Center for Engineering Sciences and Technology(CKCEST-2021-2-18)

摘要:

六大经济走廊是“一带一路”倡议的战略支柱,该区域横跨亚、欧、非大陆,涉及国家众多,地理条件千差万别,资源环境本底复杂。通过对沿线区域资源环境信息进行系统性、全面性的揭示,能够为科学推进“一带一路”倡议实施提供至关重要的决策支持作用。本文提出了面向协同创新的“一带一路”空间信息服务系统框架,综述了“一带一路”经济走廊地区在资源环境信息开发利用进展,具体包括资源环境格局与时空演变、联合国可持续发展目标监测与评价、防灾减灾知识服务关键技术应用、资源环境信息集成与共享、新冠疫情对经济社会发展影响,进而展望了其发展趋势和潜在的研究方向,为“一带一路”经济走廊的可持续发展提供决策支持。

关键词: “一带一路”倡议, 经济走廊, 资源环境, 信息开发利用, 空间信息服务, 科研信息化, 协同创新平台, 可持续发展目标

Abstract:

The "Belt and Road" is a major international cooperation initiative proposed by China to adapt to current development needs. It has six economic corridors as its core pillars. The region of interest spans the three continents of Asia, Europe, and Africa, involving a large number of countries with varied regional geographical conditions and complex resources and environment backgrounds. Determination of resources and environmental information along the routes in a systematic and comprehensive manner will play a crucial role in decision-making support for promoting the scientific implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative. Considering the complex background of geographical resources, the environment, and the diverse international cooperation needs, the exploitation and utilization of resources and environmental information along the “Belt and Road” face several opportunities and challenges. This paper proposes a Spatial Information Service System for the Belt and Road Initiative, which is oriented toward collaborative innovation. Two technical routes, top to bottom and bottom to top, are used to demonstrate the overall framework of information acquisition and utilization, and generation of information services for decision support. The progress on resources and environmental information development and services in the six economic corridors is reviewed, including resources and environment patterns and their spatiotemporal evolution, monitoring and evaluation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs), key technology application in disaster risk reduction knowledge service, resources and environmental information integration and sharing, and the effect of COVID-19 on economic and social development, which can provide a reasonable foundation and reference for the establishment of a comprehensive system for "Belt and Road" resource, environment, and spatial information service. Finally, the development trends and the main directions for potential research and cooperation are highlighted, including strengthening the comprehensive collection and service capabilities of basic resource and environmental data, providing further contributions to data and methods on SDGs target monitoring and evaluation in China, integrating the entire chain of data, information, and knowledge of disaster risk reduction applications, promoting the integration and sharing of resource and environmental data with harmonized standards, and promoting the construction and application of collaborative innovation platforms involving multiple parties. The research would provide a reference for promoting the development and utilization of synchronous data resources, information integration and sharing, and the construction of collaborative innovation application environment of the "Belt and Road" economic corridor, thus, promoting decision-making support for the sustainable development of the "Belt and Road" Initiative.

Key words: "Belt and Road" Initiative, economic corridor, resources and environment, information development and service, spatial information service, e-Science, collaborative innovation platform, sustainable development goals