地球信息科学学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 141-152.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2022.210435

• 地理空间分析综合应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市网络核心-边缘结构演化及影响因素研究——基于制造业企业网络视角

王传阳(), 盛科荣*(), 张杰   

  1. 山东理工大学经济学院,淄博 255012
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-28 修回日期:2021-09-15 出版日期:2022-01-25 发布日期:2022-03-25
  • 通讯作者: * 盛科荣(1977― ),男,山东日照人,博士,教授,硕士生导师,主要从事城市地理和区域可持续发展等领域的研究。E-mail: shengkerong@163.com
    * 盛科荣(1977― ),男,山东日照人,博士,教授,硕士生导师,主要从事城市地理和区域可持续发展等领域的研究。E-mail: shengkerong@163.com
  • 作者简介:王传阳(1999― ),男,山东临沂人,硕士生,主要从事区域经济和城市网络等领域的研究。E-mail: wangcy990211@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771173)

Dynamics and Determinants of the Core-Periphery Structure of Urban Network in China: A Study based on the Corporate Network of Manufacturing

WANG Chuanyang(), SHENG Kerong*(), ZHANG Jie   

  1. School of Economics, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255012, China
  • Received:2021-07-28 Revised:2021-09-15 Online:2022-01-25 Published:2022-03-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771173)

摘要:

基于制造业企业网络视角的城市网络核心—边缘结构的研究将加深对城市网络演化规律的理解。利用2020年中国制造业500强企业网络数据和隶属联系模型构建城市网络,研究了中国城市网络核心—边缘结构的演化特征,定量测度了核心—边缘结构的影响因素,并根据国际生产折衷理论解析了城市网络地位分异的动力机制。研究发现: 2005—2020年,核心区块的城市数量逐渐增加,主要由直辖市、经济特区以及东、中部地区的省会城市组成,这些城市通过互惠性的链接关系形成了凝聚子群,网络权力较为集中;边缘区块的城市则主要位于中、西部地区,城市间经济联系相对稀疏,整体网络结构并不稳定,城市的发展受到了网络资本的约束。关键资源、基础设施和区位优势是影响中国城市网络地位的决定性因素,择优选择、网络邻近和路径依赖构成了中国城市网络核心—边缘结构演化的动力机制,这将进一步增强核心城市的网络地位。在网络环境下,城市间的差距趋于扩大,城市网络地位的提升取决于城市在网络中的影响力,中国城市化政策需要做出相应调整。

关键词: 中国制造业企业500强, 隶属联系模型, 核心—边缘结构, 演化特征, 国际生产折衷理论, 动力机制, 路径依赖, 流动空间

Abstract:

With the increase of economic interaction between cities, the spatial division of functions within firms has gradually become an important feature of production over the past 30 years. Meanwhile, the number of branches of China's top 500 manufacturing companies has expended rapidly, which develops into the production network of manufacturing industry in China. As the basic carrier of the elements flow, through the lens of manufacturing enterprises can objectively reflect the differences of cities' network position. However, the core-periphery structure of urban network based on the manufacturing corporate network has been rarely studied so far. Hence, this paper aims to analyze the core-periphery structure and its determinants of unban network for developing urban network theory and improving urbanization policy in China. First, data on headquarter and branch locations of China's top 500 manufacturing companies in 2020 are subjected to ownership linkage model to approximate the urban network, resulting a 290×290 valued urban network. Then the influence factors are examined by using 2 types of econometric models, i.e. pooled logit model and pooled probit model. Finally, according to the eclectic paradigm of international production, this paper tentatively put forward a new evolution characteristic of core-periphery structure under the network environment for further discussion. Four conclusions are drawn: (1) The number of core cities has expanded from 17 to 28, which are mainly constituted by municipalities, special economic zones, and capital cities in eastern and central regions of China. The core block is a cohesive subgroup composed of spatially dispersed but functionally connected cities, and the spatial distribution of structural holes is consistent with core cities; (2) The relationship between the core and periphery blocks has been strengthened, cities in the periphery block are mainly concentrated in central and western regions of China. However, the intercity linkages focus primarily on the core block, which leads to an unstable network structure; (3) Key resources, location conditions, and industrial structure are the key factors affecting the position of China's urban network. The improvement of human capital, knowledge base, infrastructure, and FDI will highly improve the odds of cities' membership in the core block; (4) Selecting superior actors, geographical proximity, and path dependence are the dynamic mechanisms in the evolution of core-periphery structure of China's urban network, which will further strengthen the network position of core cities. The results demonstrate that the network position of cities is closely related to their influence or power in the unban network, so China's urbanization policy need to be adjusted accordingly.

Key words: China's top 500 manufacturing companies, ownership linkage model, core-periphery structure, evolution characteristics, the eclectic theory of international production, dynamic mechanism, path dependence, space of flows