地球信息科学学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 1061-1072.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2022.210815

• “2021中国地理信息科学理论与方法学术年会”优秀论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

兼顾共性基础与个性特色的智慧园区评价方法

郭欢1(), 王伟玺1(), 李晓明1,2, 汤圣君1, 邓媛媛1,2   

  1. 1.深圳大学智慧城市研究院 粤港澳智慧城市联合实验室,深圳 518060
    2.深圳大学建筑与城市规划学院,深圳 518060
  • 收稿日期:2021-12-18 修回日期:2022-03-08 出版日期:2022-06-25 发布日期:2022-08-25
  • 通讯作者: *王伟玺(1978— ),男,河南驻马店人,博士,副教授,主要从事三维建模、虚拟城市环境、智慧城市等研究。 E-mail: wangwx@szu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:郭 欢(1995— ),女,四川绵阳人,硕士生,主要从事智慧城市顶层设计、图像检索等研究。
    E-mail: guohuanxyz@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971354, 41801392, 41971341);广东省基础与应用基础研究基金项目(2021A1515012574)

The Smart Park Evaluation Method That Takes into Account Common Ground and Individual Characteristics

GUO Huan1(), WANG Weixi*(), LI Xiaoming1(), TANG Shengjun*, DENG Yuanyuan1,2, null null   

  1. 1. Smart City Research Institute, Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Smart City Joint Laboratory, Shenzhen 518060, China
    2. School of architecture and urban planning, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
  • Received:2021-12-18 Revised:2022-03-08 Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-08-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971354, 41801392, 41971341);Guangdong Foundation for Basic and App lied Research(2021A1515012574)

摘要:

作为智慧城市的重要组成和微观缩影,智慧园区建设十分重要,而评价方法是评估园区建设水平、促进园区健康发展的关键要素。当前,随着新一代信息通信技术(Information and Communications Technology,ICT)的高速发展,及全生命周期管理等先进理念的贯彻实践,智慧园区建设与发展欣欣向荣。然而,与之一体的评价方法却关注鲜少,存在迭代缓慢和类型单一等问题,可能会影响对智慧园区发展水平的客观评价。鉴于此,论文在充分继承原有方法的先进基础上,提出兼顾共性基础与个性特色的CCI(Commonality Combined with Individuality,CCI)智慧园区评价方法,其中,CCI评价指标体系共包括8个一级指标、30个二级指标和63个三级指标。共性评价指标是所有园区共有的基础指标,是必选项,充分融合全生命周期管理的理念,围绕智慧园区顶层设计基础层-平台层-应用层的基本架构展开梳理;个性评价指标是个别园区特有的特色指标,是可选项,需要依据园区的实际产业生产流程或业务内容展开分析。同时,以深圳市智慧妈湾作为实证案例,构建CCI评价指标体系并应用层次分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process, AHP)展开综合评价,结合评价结果给出了发展建议:智慧妈湾整体水平较高,符合其打造先行示范区智慧城市标杆的目标定位;但在智慧平台、智慧物流、智慧金融、智慧文创方面还有一定的提升空间。最后,评价结果与智慧妈湾实际情况的一致性,论证了CCI智慧园区评价方法的科学性和可行性。

关键词: CCI, 共性结合个性, 智慧园区, 顶层设计, 评价指标体系, 全生命周期, 层次分析法

Abstract:

As an important component and microcosm of a smart city, the construction of a smart park is very important, and the evaluation method is a key element in assessing the level of construction and promoting the healthy development of the park. At present, with the rapid development of the new generation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and the implementation of advanced concepts such as total life cycle management, the construction and development of smart parks are flourishing. However, little attention has been paid to the evaluation methods that are integrated with them, and there are problems such as slow iteration and single type, which may affect the objective evaluation of the development level of smart parks. In view of this, this study proposes the Commonality Combined with Individuality (CCI) smart park evaluation method, which takes into account the commonality basis and individuality characteristics, based on the advanced inheritance of the original method. The CCI evaluation index system consists of 8 primary indicators, 30 secondary indicators, and 63 tertiary indicators. The common evaluation indicators are the basic indicators common to all parks, which are mandatory and fully integrate the concept of total life cycle management, and are based on the basic structure of the foundation layer - platform layer - application layer of the top-level design of the smart park. The individual evaluation indicators are the characteristic indicators unique to individual parks, which are optional and need to be analyzed according to the actual industrial production process or business content of the park. At the same time, using Shenzhen Smart Ma Wan as an study case, the CCI evaluation index system is constructed and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is applied to carry out a comprehensive evaluation, and development recommendations are given in conjunction with the evaluation results: the overall level of Smart Ma Wan is high, which is in line with its target positioning of becoming a benchmark for smart cities in early demonstration zones. However, there is still some room for improvement in the areas of smart platform, smart logistics, smart finance, and smart culture and creativity. Finally, the consistency of the evaluation results with the actual situation of Smart Ma Wan demonstrates the scientific and feasibility of the CCI Smart Park evaluation methodology.

Key words: CCI, commonality combined with individuality, smart park, top-level design, evaluation index system, full life cycle, analytic hierarchy process