地球信息科学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 431-438.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2011.00431

• 地球信息综合分析 •    下一篇

我国遥感地质找矿的科技进步与发展前景

刘德长1, 李志忠2, 王俊虎1   

  1. 1. 核工业北京地质研究院,遥感信息与图像分析技术国家级重点实验室,北京 100029;
    2. 中国地质调查局,科技外事部,北京 100037
  • 收稿日期:2011-07-01 修回日期:2011-08-03 出版日期:2011-08-25 发布日期:2011-08-23
  • 作者简介:刘德长(1938-),研究员,博士生导师,长期从事铀矿构造与遥感技术在铀资源勘查和核军事领域的应用。目前,从事高光谱遥感技术和后遥感应用技术的开拓研究。E-mail:liudc@yeah.net

The Technology Progress and Developing Future of Remote Sensing Geological Prospecting in China

LIU Dechang1, LI Zhizhong2, WANG Junhu1   

  1. 1. Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology, National Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Information and Image Analysis Technology,Beijing 100029,China;
    2. China Geological Survey, Science and Technology Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Beijing 100037,China
  • Received:2011-07-01 Revised:2011-08-03 Online:2011-08-25 Published:2011-08-23

摘要: 结合遥感地质找矿的典型案例,包括石油、煤炭、有色金属、铀矿和非金属等矿产,总结回顾了我国遥感地质找矿从起步-高潮-低潮-高潮的发展历程和取得的科技进步,指出遥感地质找矿历程虽然曲折,但一直在创新中前进,在曲折中进步,推动着我国找矿事业的持续发展,促进着我国矿产资源的发现。同时从国家需求、应用领域、技术发展和理念更新等四个层面,展望了遥感地质找矿的发展前景,特别是强调了国家的需求是遥感找矿的动力,高空间分辨率的高光谱遥感数据为遥感直接找矿带来了希望;"光谱地壳"计划提出的矿物高光谱立体填图,为探索遥感技术的深部找矿开辟了新的途径;陈述彭院士强调的遥感的应用应从"技术索引"的思路中走出来,从"技术层面提升到科学层面",为今后遥感找矿的深化应用指明了方向。在综合分析遥感地质找矿的科技进步与发展前景的基础上,指出现在是机遇与挑战并存,而机遇大于挑战,应抓住机遇,应对挑战,再创遥感地质找矿的新局面。

关键词: 遥感地质找矿, 科技进步, 发展前景, 新局面

Abstract: The paper firstly retrospected the technology progress and developing course of geologic prospecting in our country by the way of illustrating the example of geologic prospecting, including oil, coal, nonferrous metals, uranium, non-metallic minerals and so on. Then it pointed out that the process of remote sensing geological prospecting was tortuous, but it put forward in the innovation and was innovating in the forword, and impelled the continuable developing of geologic prospecting and promoted the discovery of mineral resource in China. Secondly, the paper made a prospect of remote sensing geologic prospecting on the lay of national requirement,appliance field, technology developing and ideaistic updating. The paper particularly emphasized that the country's needs were the power for remote sensing prospecting, the data with high spatial resolution and hyper-spectral resolution brought hope for the direct exploration by the means of remote sensing. Three-dimensional mineral hyperspectral mapping proposed by "Spectral crust" plan has opened up a new avenue to explore the deep exploration by remote sensing technology. And academician Chen stressed that the application of remote sensing should come out from a idea of "technology index", and upgraded to the "scientific level" from the "technical level". At last, based on the comprehensive analysis of technological progress of remote sensing geological prospecting and development prospects, the paper illustrated that the opportunity and challenge contemporary exist at present, furthermore, the opportunity precedes challenge, we must seize the opportunity and rise to the challenge, reshape the new situation of remote sensing geologic prospecting.

Key words: remote sensing geologic prospecting, technological advancements, developing prospect, new situation.