地球信息科学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (5): 672-678.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2011.00672

• 遥感技术与应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

宏观生态环境遥感监测系统总体设计与关键技术

王勇, 庄大方, 徐新良, 江东   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2011-05-01 修回日期:2011-09-01 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 徐新良(1972-),男,山东青岛人,副研究员,研究方向为土地应用和信息建设等。E-mail:xuxl@lreis.ac.cn E-mail:xuxl@lreis.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王勇(1975-),男,湖北随州人,博士,助理研究员, 研究方向为GIS理论及应用、应用系统开发等.
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑计划项目(2008BAC34B06-02);国家航天局环境星应用推广课题(2008A02A09)。

Design of Macro-ecological Environment Remote Sensing Monitoring System and the Key Technologies

WANG Yong, ZHUANG Dafang, XU Xinliang, JIANG Dong   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2011-05-01 Revised:2011-09-01 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-10-25

摘要: 宏观生态环境遥感监测系统是基于环境遥感监测应用技术的软件实现。本文重点介绍了宏观生态环境遥感监测系统的总体结构设计、业务流程设计和核心功能设计,以及模型转换与实现技术、实时投影转换技术与以文件和数据库相结合的数据管理技术、基于XML的数据实时交换技术、产品自动化生产技术等关键技术,并给出了系统的应用实例。系统应用结果表明,该系统符合我国宏观生态环境遥感监测业务应用模式,提高了环保部门生态环境遥感常规模式下的监测水平和紧急模式下的应急监测能力,将会在宏观生态环境遥感监测和评价服务中发挥重要的作用。

关键词: 监测系统, 总体设计, 原型研究, 宏观生态环境

Abstract: As global environmental issues become more and more prominent, remote sensing technology with large amount of information to monitor global environmental change has become an important manner. Macro-ecological environment remote sensing monitoring system is implementation of environment remote sensing applied technologies. The architecture of the system and the transaction flow diagram and its core functions are introduced. At the same time, the model transformation and implementation of technology, real-time projection conversion technology, a combination of file-based data and database management technologies, XML-based real-time data exchange technology, automated production technology are expatiated. The prototype system is constructed using .NET and IDL mixing programming language and its application examples are presented. System application results show that this system meets the remote sensing monitoring requirements using macro-ecological environment business applications model to improve the environmental protection department level under the normal mode and emergency capability under the emergency mode. This system can play an important role in the macro-environment remote sensing monitoring and evaluation.

Key words: monitoring system, general design, prototype system research, macro-ecological environment