地球信息科学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 711-719,726.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2011.00711

• 地质编图与GIS制图专栏 •    下一篇

博览群图提升地质制图的科学技术水平

李廷栋1,2,3, 丁伟翠1, 郑宁1, 刘勇1, 王军1   

  1. 1. 中国地质科学院地质研究所, 北京 100037;
    2. 国土资源部咨询研究中心, 北京 100035;
    3. 中国地质科学院, 北京 100037
  • 收稿日期:2011-08-15 修回日期:2011-11-30 出版日期:2011-12-25 发布日期:2011-12-25
  • 作者简介:李廷栋(1930-)男,河北省栾城县人,研究员,中国科学院院士,主要从事区域地质研究及地质编图. E-mail:litdong@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国地质调查局项目"中国地质构造区划与区域地质调查综合集成"(1212011120115);科学技术部项目"地质过程与灾害发生机理及预测"(2001CB711001).

Raise the Level of Geological Map Techniques through Consulting a Wide Variety of Maps

LI Tingdong1,2,3, DING Weicui1, ZHENG Ning1, LIU Yong1, WANG Jun1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geology, CAGS, Beijing 100037, China;
    2. Consulting & Research Center of Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100035, China;
    3. Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2011-08-15 Revised:2011-11-30 Online:2011-12-25 Published:2011-12-25

摘要: 地质图件是地质工作成果的主要载体之一,是地质工作服务于经济社会发展的主要工具,又是体现一个国家地质研究程度、地质科学技术水平和社会文明程度的主要标志之一,历来受到各国政府和国际地学组织的高度重视.随着社会经济的发展和科学技术的进步,以及地质工作服务领域的扩大,近年来地质制图工作,包括制图数量、种类和技术方法,都获得了突飞猛进的发展,并呈现出一些明显的特点,主要表现为:由专业性地质图件向更多实用性地质图件发展;由单一地质类图件向多学科系列图件发展;由国家级图件向洲际、全球乃至宇宙图件发展;由地表地质图件向反映深部地质图件发展;并在图面结构、表现形式、制图工艺上进行了诸多改革和创新.我们需要博览群图,分析研究国际地质编图发展趋势,不断提高我国地质编图、制图的科学技术水平.

关键词: 博览群图, 提高, 制图, 水平

Abstract: Geological map is a main demonstrator of the achievements in geological research and practice, a principal way through which geologists serve the economic and social development, and a major symbol that reflects the developing degree of a country's geoscientific research, geological sciences and technologies and social civilization. Therefore, governments of different countries and international geoscience organizations have always been attaching great importance to the preparation of geological maps. In recent years, with the social and economic development, the scientific and technological progress, as well as the broadening application range of geosciences, geologists have made remarkable development in geological mapping in terms of the quality and quantity of maps, as well as the developing degree of cartographic techniques and methods. The obvious characteristics of the remarkable development in geological mapping work can be summarized as follows: developing from academic geological maps to more practical ones; developing from single-disciplinary maps to multidisciplinary ones; developing from geological maps at national scale to the ones at intercontinental, global even universal scales; and developing from geological maps of earth surface to that of earth deep interior. In addition, revolution and innovation have taken place in map structure design, presentation patterns and mapping craftsmanship. In order to realize the constant improvement of cartographic and compiling techniques for geological maps, we must consult a wide variety of maps, analyze and study on the developing trend of international map technologies.

Key words: consulting a wide variety of geological maps, raise, mapping, level