地球信息科学学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 143-148.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2012.00143

• 地球信息科学理论与方法 •    下一篇

我国地理信息产业标准化的分析与对策研究(可下载全文)

张秋义, 王春卿, 郭建坤   

  1. 1.国家基础地理信息中心, 北京 100830;
    2.全国地理信息标准化技术委员会秘书处, 北京 100830
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-24 修回日期:2012-04-24 出版日期:2012-04-25 发布日期:2012-04-24
  • 作者简介:张秋义(1978-),男,吉林蛟河人,硕士,工程师,研究方向为地理信息标准化与质量管理。 E-mail: zhangqy@nsdi.gov.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家测绘地理信息局基础测绘标准制修订与质量控制项目(1461100300203)。

Problems and Countermeasures of Standardization of Geographic Information Industry in China

ZHANG Qiuyi, WANG Chunqing, GUO Jiankun   

  1. 1. National Geomatics Center of China, Beijing 100830, China;
    2. Secretariat of National Standardization Technical Committee of Geomatics, Beijing 100830, China
  • Received:2012-04-24 Revised:2012-04-24 Online:2012-04-25 Published:2012-04-24

摘要: 我国地理信息产业的迅速发展,对标准化工作提出了新的更高要求。本文阐述了标准化工作对地理信息产业发展的支撑作用,回顾了"十一五"期间我国地理信息标准化的工作进展,以地理信息国家标准及其在研项目的构成情况为基础,针对普遍反映的标准化问题,从标准化工作主体和客体(即:标准制定者及标准本身)的组成和变化的视角进行系统分析,结果表明:我国地理信息国家标准的制定主体仍为标准科研及行业事业单位,企业制定标准的较少;现有地理信息国家标准仍以基础通用和数据资源类标准为主,面向产业发展的应用服务类标准仍然缺乏。分析认为:地理信息产业发展各种标准化问题产生的根源在于当前标准化工作机制不适应产业发展的需要。本文在此基础上,提出了适合地理信息产业健康发展的标准化工作机制设想,以及应采取的对策。

关键词: 地理信息产业, 标准化, 对策建议

Abstract: Geographic information standardization is confronted with the new and higher challenges of the rapid development of geographic information industry in China. In this paper we reviewed the progress in geographic information standardization in China during the period of "11th Five-Year Plan", and elaborated the importance of standardization for geographic information industry. Based on the statistics of national geographic information standards and the working items, we analyzed the composition and the change of the national geographic information standards and the standard-makers. The result showed that the standards for geographic information application and services were deficient and the standards makers were mainly the government-related organizations. Then the typical standardization problems for geographic information industry were discussed. The conclusion was that the improper working mechanism of standardization is the root of all sorts of standardization problems for geographic information industry. The recommended standardization working mechanism was designed for geographic information industry and the countermeasures were put forward.

Key words: geographic information industry, standardization, countermeasures