地球信息科学学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (5): 592-598.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2012.00592

• 本期要文(可全文下载) • 上一篇    下一篇

全球及中国周边地区资源环境科学数据库构建

江东, 黄耀欢*, 庄大方   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源环境科学数据中心 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-24 修回日期:2012-09-24 出版日期:2012-10-25 发布日期:2012-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 黄耀欢(1982-),男,安徽黄山人,博士后,主要从事遥感生态环境应用研究。E-mail:huangyh@lreis.ac.cn E-mail:huangyh@lreis.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:江东(1972-),男,安徽寿县人,博士,副研究员,研究方向为资源环境遥感应用。E-mail: jiangd@lreis.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院重点部署项目(KZZD-EW-08)资助。

Construction of Global and China's Surrounding Regional Resources and Environmental Science Database

JIANG Dong, HUANG Yaohuan*, ZHUANG Dafang   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2012-04-24 Revised:2012-09-24 Online:2012-10-25 Published:2012-10-25

摘要:

全球及中国周边地区资源环境科学数据是支撑包括全球变化在内的资源环境前沿科学研究,以及我国宏观决策制定重要的基础性支撑数据,对于保障国家安全具有重要意义。针对现阶段尚无一套完整的、标准化的全球及中国周边地区资源环境科学数据库的现状,结合中国科学院 "资源环境科学数据库建设与决策支持研究"实践工作,本文构建了包括3大体系在内的全球及中国周边地区资源环境科学数据库的基本框架,即资源环境科学数据库标准规范体系结构、全球资源环境科学数据库系统、中国周边资源环境科学数据库系统。其中,资源环境科学数据库标准规范体系结构,包括3个大类共计22类标准规范;全球资源环境科学数据库系统包括2大类、13亚类、35个小类的数据库;中国周边地区资源环境科学数据库由东北亚、东南亚、南亚和中亚4个区域共计23小类数据库构成,以期为后续相关大尺度资源环境科学数据库的构建提供探索性的借鉴。今后将进一步完善全球及中国周边地区资源环境科学数据库构建工作的深化与拓展研究。

关键词: 科学数据库, 全球, 资源环境, 周边地区

Abstract:

Global and China's Surrounding Regional Resources and Environmental Science Database is the basic support data for the resources and environmental leading scientific researches such as global change and for national macro decisions, which has vital significance for national security. From the key deployment project "Construction and Decision Supporting Research of the Global and Neighboring Countries' Resources and Environmental Science Database" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, we have constructed the global and surrounding area resources and environmental science database framework, which includes three big system: Standards System Structure of the Resources and Environmental Science Database, Global Resources and Environmental Science Database and Surrounding Regional Resources and Environmental Science Database. The Standards System Structure of the Resources and Environmental Science Database includes three types combined with 22 standards; the Global Resources and Environmental Science Database and Surrounding Regional Resources includes two categories, 13 classes and 35 small types of database; the Surrounding Regional Resources and Environmental Science Database consists of four areas, i.e. northeast Asia, southeast Asia, South Asia and central Asia, which are up to 23 small kinds of database and aim at providing reference to the next work on the construction of large scale resources and environmental science database. And the work of the construction of the Global and China's Surrounding Regional Resources and Environmental Science Database will be better perfected by the "further" and "expanding" aspects in the future.

Key words: surrounding region, global, science database, resources and environment