地球信息科学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (1): 1-10.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2013.00001

• 本期要文(可全文下载) •    下一篇

近50年中国地表净辐射的时空变化特征分析

高扬子1,2, 何洪林2, 张黎2, 路倩倩2,3, 于贵瑞2, 张祖陆1   

  1. 1. 山东师范大学人口·资源与环境学院, 济南 250014;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 生态系统网络观测与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101;
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-15 修回日期:2012-11-22 出版日期:2013-02-25 发布日期:2013-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 张黎(1982-),女,博士,助理研究员,现从事陆地生态系统碳氮循环模拟及模型数据融合研究。E-mail:li.zhang@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:li.zhang@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:高扬子(1987-),女,山东莱阳人,硕士研究生,研究方向为生态遥感。E-mail:gy250013@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05050600);国家科技部环保公益性行业科研专项(gyh5031103)。

Spatio-temporal Variation Characteristics of Surface Net Radiation in China over the Past 50 Years

GAO Yangzi1,2, HE Honglin2, ZHANG Li2, LU Qianqian2,3, YU Guirui2, ZHANG Zulu1   

  1. 1. College of Population, Resource and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-10-15 Revised:2012-11-22 Online:2013-02-25 Published:2013-02-25

摘要:

基于GIS空间分析技术与Mann-Kendall趋势分析方法,对中国陆地区域699个气象站点1961-2010年逐年、季平均地表净辐射进行时空变化特征分析,结果表明:(1)参数拟合后的FAO Penman修正式对模拟站点逐日地表净辐射的总体精度较高,均方根误差为27.9W ·m-2,相关系数为0.85,平均相对误差为0.13;(2)全国近50年站点平均地表净辐射在年、季均呈现出较明显的下降过程,年均降幅为0.74W ·m-2 ·10a-1,不同季节的下降幅度存在差异,夏季降幅最大;(3)逐站点分析显示全国大部分站点(59.8%)年均地表净辐射呈显著下降趋势(0.05),东部趋势变化比西部明显,夏季在地表净辐射年际变化中的贡献最大,华北、华中、华南地区的站点在春夏秋季均呈显著下降趋势。

关键词: 地表净辐射, 中国, 时空变化特征, Mann-Kendall趋势分析

Abstract:

Surface net radiation is the sum of incident downward and upward shortwave and longwave radiation. Changes of surface net radiation control the Earth's climate, the hydrological cycle, and plant productivity. In this paper we focused on the spatio-temporal variation analysis of surface net radiation over China at site-scale. We estimated the parameters of the FAO Penman model using daily surface net radiation of 53 radiation sites during1993-2010 over China, and then we calculated mean annual/seasonal surface net radiation data in 699 weather sites from 1961-2010, based on the model and long-term measurement data of these stations. Furthermore, we analyzed the spatio-temporal variation characteristics of mean annual/seasonal surface net radiation of 699 sites in China in recent 50 years, by means of Mann-Kendall trend analysis method and GIS spatial analysis technique. We concluded that: 1) Parameterization of the FAO Penman model shows that the model has a relatively high simulation accuracy with RMSE 27.9W/m2, the coefficient of correlation 0.85, and the mean relative error 13%; 2) Mean annual/seasonal surface net radiation over China declines visibly with a fluctuant process with the changing rate reaching 0.74 W/m2 every 10 years. The amplitudes of changes vary with the seasons with the maximum downtrend (1.93 W/m2 every 10 years) in summer; 3) The analysis at each site shows that mean annual surface net radiation declines significantly (α=0.05) in most sites (59.8%). The changing trend of the eastern part is more obvious than that in the western part and summer plays the most important role in the interannual variability of surface net radiation. Northern China, Central China and Southern China are decreasing regions in spring, summer and autumn, while the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau turns to be a noticeable decreasing zone in winter. We speculated the much heavier aerosol loading in eastern part of China should be the primary cause for the decrease in surface net radiation and the volcano aerosols contribute to the oscillation in the trend. The increasing trend of snow on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau should account for the decreasing trend of surface net radiation in winter. The quantitative spatio-temporal analysis of surface net radiation will be vital for the climate change and terrestrial ecosystem evapotranspiration research.

Key words: Mann-Kendall trend analysis, China, spatio-temporal variation characteristics, surface net radiation