地球信息科学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 362-368.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2013.00362

• 地球信息科学理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理信息软件标准体系建设与发展分析

黄骞1, 王尔琪2, 梁军1,3   

  1. 1. 北京超图软件股份有限公司,北京100015;
    2. 超图地理信息技术研究所,北京100015;
    3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-24 修回日期:2013-03-19 出版日期:2013-06-25 发布日期:2013-06-17
  • 通讯作者: 黄骞, E-mail:huangqian@supermap.com E-mail:huangqian@supermap.com
  • 作者简介:黄骞(1983-),男,博士,主要研究方向为分布式地理信息系统、地理信息标准化。E-mail:huangqian@supermap.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家测绘地理信息局项目“测绘地理信息软件标准体系研究”。

Preliminary Research on the Standard System of Geographic Information Software

HUANG Qian1, WANG Erqi2, LIANG Jun1,3   

  1. 1. SuperMap Inc, Beijing 100015, China;
    2. SuperMap GIS Technology Institute, Beijing100015, China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2012-09-24 Revised:2013-03-19 Online:2013-06-25 Published:2013-06-17

摘要:

地理信息软件是地理信息产业的重要组成部分。当前迫切需要加快标准化建设工作,建立一套与产业发展相适应的完整、系统、协调的标准体系框架,推动地理信息软件标准化工作的有序发展。本文首先分析了当前地理信息软件标准化建设工作中存在的若干问题,包括现行标准的适用性、系统性与先进性的不足,软件标准化与产业发展联动的缺乏,企业参与标准化建设的积极性不高等。在分析当前地理信息产业发展的标准化需求的基础上,本文提出了地理信息软件标准体系建设的初步思路,形成了地理信息软件标准体系的基本框架,编制了体系框架图与分类表,并且展望了未来地理信息软件标准化的发展方向。

关键词: 地理信息软件, 分类表, 地理信息产业, 框架图, 标准体系

Abstract:

Geographic information standardization is confronted with the urgent challenges of the rapid growth of geographic information industry in China. Although the past years witnessed great achievements in standardization of applications in this field, we still have no breakthrough work for some essential problems. In order to accelerate the standardization development,“12th Five-Year Planning for surveying, mapping and geographic information standardization”took the construction of geographic information standard system and sub-systems as the top priority task. In this paper, we reviewed the progress in geographic information standardization system, and elaborated the importance of geographic information software standard system construction for geographic information industry. Based on the analysis of existing national geographic information standard system, we found three typical problems which greatly hindered development of geographic information software standardization, and discouraged participation from enterprises and institutions in further. The solution is building an independent geographic information software standard sub-system compatible with existing standard system. In pursuit of this objective, we first chose the geographic information software classification system as the base of standard system discreetly, then declared the objectives and principles of system construction, at last made the recommended draft of geographic information software standard system framework diagram and class table, which consists of six main classes, as (1) Basic Platform Software; (2) Data Acquisition and Production Software; (3) Data Management Software; (4) Data Analysis and Mining Software; (5) Application and Service Software; and (6) Application System. Finally, we made the conclusion of project status and prospected the future developments.

Key words: framework diagram, geographic information software, geographic information industry, classification table, standard system