地球信息科学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 440-444.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2013.00440

• 遥感科学与应用技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

SIFT与粗差剔除算法相结合的机载SAR影像匹配研究

姜文聪1, 张继贤1, 程春泉1, 梁勇2   

  1. 1. 中国测绘科学研究院,北京100830;
    2. 山东农业大学信息科学与工程学院,泰安271000
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-15 修回日期:2013-01-04 出版日期:2013-06-25 发布日期:2013-06-17
  • 通讯作者: 姜文聪, E-mail:wenconghappy@163.com E-mail:wenconghappy@163.com
  • 作者简介:姜文聪(1987-),女,山东省泰安市人,硕士生,主要从事SAR影像匹配等方面的研究。E-mail:wenconghappy@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家“863”计划课题(2011AA120401);国家自然科学基金项目(41071237)。

Matching of Airborne SAR Images Based on a Combination of SIFT Algorithm with Mismatching Points Eliminated Algorithm

JIANG Wencong1, ZHANG Jixian1, CHENG Chunquan1, LIANG Yong2   

  1. 1. Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, Beijing 100830, China;
    2. College of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271000, China
  • Received:2012-10-15 Revised:2013-01-04 Online:2013-06-25 Published:2013-06-17

摘要:

SAR影像匹配是SAR数据处理的重要环节,但是,SAR影像匹配成功率、正确率及精度较低。通过SAR影像匹配,建立SAR匹配像对,对雷达立体观察和立体测量有重要的意义。在机载SAR影像匹配中,应用SIFT 算法,获得较稳定的特征,并结合2D单应变换的RANSAC算法剔除误匹配点对;选取三组不同类别的机载SAR影像数据,利用SIFT 和粗差剔除相结合的算法,通过VC++和OpenCV编程,提取出特征稳定且均匀分布的同名点对,完成机载SAR影像匹配实验。结果表明,对于含有人工建筑物的机载SAR影像,SIFT 算法可有效地提取大量稳定的匹配点对,其正确率高;对于含有自然植被的机载SAR影像,SIFT 算法可有效地提取较多稳定的匹配点对,其正确率较高;由于SIFT 算法实质上是基于局部灰度匹配的算法,对于纹理信息缺乏的机载SAR影像,只可提取少量稳定的匹配点对,其正确率相对前两者较低。总体而言,在机载SAR影像中SIFT 算法能够提取到稳定的匹配点对,并结合基于2D单应变换的RANSAC算法,可有效剔除误匹配点对,提高匹配正确率及精度。

关键词: 2D单应变换的RANSAC算法, 匹配, 机载SAR影像, SIFT算法

Abstract:

Success rate, correct rate and precision of SAR image matching are usually low, so it indirectly affects the subsequent application of SAR images. SIFT feature is the local feature of the image, and it remains invariance of the rotation, scale and luminance variation; it also maintains a certain degree of stability of the viewing angle variation, the affine transformation and the noise. The stable features are extracted by using SIFT algorithm which is applied to airborne SAR image matching. AS 2D homography transform is the model of the RANSAC algorithm, four pairs of points at least are used to calculate 2D homography transform model parameters. RANSAC algorithm is a kind of robust parameter estimation method to obtain the effective sample data. The mismatching points are eliminated by using the RANSAC algorithm based on 2D homograpy transform. Based on VC++ and OpenCV programming, three sets of different kinds of airborne SAR image data are selected to complete matching experiment of airborne SAR image in which SIFT algorithm combined with error eliminated algorithm is used. The result shows that for airborne SAR images of artificial buildings and natural vegetation, SIFT algorithm can be used to effectively extract numerous stable matching points and the correct rate is high; for airborne SAR images of lack of texture information, SIFT algorithm can be used to extract a small amount of stable matching points and the correct rate is obviously lower than the former. In a word, SIFT algorithm can be used to extract the stable matching points in the airborne SAR image matching, and the mismatching points are effectively eliminated by using RANSAC algorithm based on 2D homograpy transform, so the correct rate and precision of matching is greatly improved.

Key words: RANSAC algorithm, airborne SAR image, 2D homograpy transform, SIFT algorithm, matching