地球信息科学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (6): 801-808853.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2013.00801

• 本期要文(可全文下载) • 上一篇    下一篇

中国犯罪地理与警务GIS研究进展

姜超1,2, 柳林1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 综合地理信息研究中心, 广州 510275;
    2. 广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室, 广州 510275;
    3. 辛辛那提大学地理学系, 美国Cincinnati, OH 45221-1031
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-11 修回日期:2013-11-30 出版日期:2013-12-25 发布日期:2013-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 柳林(1965-),男,湖南湘潭人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为人文地理信息科学、犯罪时空分析与模拟。E-mail:liulin2@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:liulin2@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:姜超(1988-),男,河北衡水人,博士生,研究方向为犯罪地理学、犯罪时空分析与模拟。E-mail:zsjc_2007@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41171140);国家“863”计划项目(2012AA121402、2013AA122302)。

Research Progress of Crime Geography Studies in China

JIANG Chao1,2, LIU Lin1,2,3   

  1. 1. Center of Integrated Geographic Information Analysis, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    3. Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-1031
  • Received:2013-11-11 Revised:2013-11-30 Online:2013-12-25 Published:2013-12-25

摘要:

近30年来,随着公安部门犯罪防控需求的增加,中国犯罪地理学正处于新的发展机遇期。为了能较客观、全面地把握我国犯罪地理学的研究现状与动态,本文从中国知网、万方和维普3大电子资源数据库中筛选出与犯罪地理研究主题相关的期刊论文,以此为样本,对研究内容与研究实力等情况进行统计分析。结果表明,自1980s中期以来,中国犯罪地理学在论文数量、研究方法、实证区域、研究机构与核心作者等方面都日益增多,已经在城市犯罪地理、警用地理信息系统、规划设计预防犯罪、情境犯罪预防等4个主要研究方向出现了导向作用明显的核心作者,呈现出良好的发展态势。进入21世纪后,新的发展机遇在促进犯罪地理学论文数量与研究实力快速增加的同时,也导致了案例研究、量化研究的所占比重显著减少,研究区域的空间范围也大幅收敛,集中在长三角、京津、珠三角地区。新的研究阵营不断涌现,核心作者比重不断下降,犯罪地理学进入了研究阵营争鸣角力的重构期。未来我国犯罪地理学的发展任重而道远,不仅亟需完善相关的理论体系、加强国内的案例实证,而且还需注意研究规范的统一、核心作者群的代际更替等诸多问题。

关键词: 情境预防, 犯罪地理学, 统计分析, 规划设计预防犯罪, 研究进展, 警用地理信息系统

Abstract:

Over the past 30 years, crime geography in China has set out, as the demand for crime prevention increased very rapidly. In order to get an objective and comprehensive understanding of the research development in China, a statistical analysis on crime geography studies was conducted. Taking periodical papers selected from Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WANFANG DATA, and VIP Database as samples, we retrospect the changes of contents and researchers on crime geography during three periods: 1986~1990, 1991~2000, and 2001~2010. The results show that periodical papers, research organizations and related researchers have expanded greatly in number since mid-1980s, indicating a promising tendency. Core authors, who can motivate more researchers, have emerged in four main research aspects of crime geography: urban crime geography, PGIS, CPTED, and Situational Crime Prevention. In 21st century, both new opportunities and challenges come out for crime geography. While more and more mathematical models are employed, the percentage of quantitative researches has declined significantly. It is also the same for case studies. What's more, the study areas constricts to Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin region, and Pearl River Delta. With emerging research groups and declining share of core authors, crime geography in China has entered a phase of reorganization. In the future, much more efforts will be needed for the further development of crime geography. We should not only try to synthesize multiple theories and conduct more case studies in the Chinese context, but also pay attention to the unification of research norms and cultivation of next-generation core authors.

Key words: PGIS, research progress, CPTED, situational crime prevention, crime geography, statistical analysis