地球信息科学学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 264-272.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2014.00264

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基于云计算的地球系统科学数据共享研究与实践

苗茹1, 诸云强2, 宋佳2, 冯敏2, 潘鹏2   

  1. 1. 河南大学计算机与信息工程学院, 开封 475004;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-01 修回日期:2013-11-01 出版日期:2014-03-10 发布日期:2014-03-10
  • 通讯作者: 诸云强(1977- ),男,江西广丰人,博士,副研究员,研究方向为地学数据共享与科研信息化环境,资源环境信息系统。E-mail:zhuyq@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:zhuyq@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:苗 茹(1979- ),女,河南开封人,博士,讲师,研究方向为空间数据可视化,地理信息系统开发与应用。E-mail:mr1015@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所“一三五”战略科技计划项目(2012ZD010);资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室自主部署创新研究计划资助项目(O88RA900KA);国家自然科学基金项目“基于元数据语义的地理空间数据关联方法研究”(41371381);中国科学院科研信息化“科技领域云”项目;国家科技基础条件平台:地球系统科学数据共享平台(2005DKA32300)。

Services of Earth System Science Data Sharing Based on Cloud Computing

MIAO Ru1, ZHU Yunqiang2, SONG Jia2, FENG Min2, PAN Peng2   

  1. 1. College of Computer and Information Engineering of Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;

    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-07-01 Revised:2013-11-01 Online:2014-03-10 Published:2014-03-10
  • Contact: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2014.00264 E-mail:zhuyq@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

数据密集型的地学研究离不开数据资源和信息平台的支撑,因此,实施地球系统科学数据共享具有重大意义。早期地球系统科学数据共享服务主要以政府行为为主,集中数据汇交,存在数据服务负载不均衡、数据整合模式单一、数据服务效果不明显等突出问题。随着Web 2.0理念的提出,以及云计算等技术的出现,数据共享模式发生了巨大的变化。本文提出基于云计算的地球系统科学数据共享概念模型。通过提供基础设施即服务(IaaS)、数据资源即服务(DaaS),以及数据功能即服务(SaaS)实现共享服务模式的转变,将死板的数据转为灵活的服务。在“数据云”中,用户既是数据的使用者也是数据资源的提供者,通过提供数据发布、数据需求发布、数据发现与共享、需求发现与反馈等功能,解决数据共享中“用户-数据”之间的矛盾,并激励普通科研工作者贡献自己的数据,保障数据资源有效、可持续整合。最后,构建了原型系统用于验证该框架,形成了一个“人人都是数据的提供者,人人都是数据的使用者”的数据共享服务环境。

关键词: 数据共享, 云计算, 数据服务, 地球系统科学

Abstract:

Geoscience is a science of data-intensive research, whose process is dependent on the data resources and information platform. Especially for earth system science, in order to understand how the earth runs as a whole and to reveal the driving force of global environmental change, it is urgent to implement data sharing. Early geoscience data sharing services are primarily of data concentration and archiving by the government behaviors, which has many prominent problems such as imbalanced load of data service, simplex pattern of integrated data, indistinctive effect of data services, etc. We aimed to set up a new geoscience research environment that every researcher is both the user and the contributor of geoscience resources. With the present of Web2.0 and the emergence of cloud computing technology, data sharing mode has undertaken great changes. This paper presented the concept model, function structure and technology system of earth system science data sharing based on cloud computing, and built a prototype system of "geoscience data sharing services based on cloud service". This system embodies a transition of service mode by Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Data Resources as a Service (DaaS) and Data Software as a Service (SaaS). It ensures data security and realizes the Data Access Load Balancing based on the master-slave data storage technology. In the cloud service system of data sharing environment for geosciences research, everyone is both data producer and user. It can solve the data sharing contradiction between "user and data" by providing data publishing, data needs publishing, data finding/sharing, data needs finding/feedback and other functions. Finally, through the study of earth system science based on cloud computing and the key technique of data sharing we have built a prototype system to validate the framework. The cloud service system can improve the sharing and utilization of resources, enhance the on-demand service mode and provide an extensive and compatible scientific data sharing environment.

Key words: data service, data sharing, earth system science, cloud computing