• •

### 1978-2011年间中国区域消费水平的时空演变

1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,南京 210023
2. 南京大学地理信息科学系,南京 210093
• 收稿日期:2013-12-03 修回日期:2014-03-24 出版日期:2014-09-10 发布日期:2014-09-04
• 通讯作者: 管卫华 E-mail:junzailinyi@163.com;guanweihua@njnu.edu.cn
• 作者简介:

作者简介：李在军(1989-),男,博士生,研究方向为区域经济与空间结构。E-mail: junzailinyi@163.com

• 基金资助:
国家自然科学基金项目(41271128、41329001);江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目

### The Temporal and Spatial Trend of China's Regional Consumption Level since the Reform and Opening up

LI Zaijun1(), GUAN Weihua1,*(), WU Qiyan1, PU Yingxia2

1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
2. Department of Geography Information Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
• Received:2013-12-03 Revised:2014-03-24 Online:2014-09-10 Published:2014-09-04
• Contact: GUAN Weihua E-mail:junzailinyi@163.com;guanweihua@njnu.edu.cn
• About author:

*The author: CHEN Nan, E-mail：fjcn99@163.com

Abstract:

Regional consumption is an important driving force for the development of economy. The evolution of regional consumption level not only manifests the time sequence variation, but also shows the spatial interaction. While traditional studies consider little of the space-time effect together, this paper characterizes the regional consumption level with the use of per capita consumption retail sales. On the basis of calculating regional consumption level gap, the mutation point of time series values for regional consumption level gap is detected. Furthermore, the change of consumption level in China is divided into two periods of 1978-1986 and 1996-2010. Then, by using the traditional Markov chain and space Markov chain method, we analyzed the characteristics of spatial and temporal evolution pattern for per capita consumption level within the two periods respectively. The results show that: (1) the change of regional consumption level in each study phase shows the phenomenon of “club convergence”. And both the regions with low and high consumption level regions are steadily evolving along with their original types. (2) The variation of regional per capita consumption level is affected by the background of consumption level in adjacent regions, and the convergence process is not spatially independent. Generally, if a region is adjacent to regions with low consumption level, it will suffer from negative influences; if adjacent to regions with high consumption level, it will help increase the number of regions with their consumption level shifting upward and reduce the number of regions with same level transfer. (3) The interactions of regional consumption level between different regions present an obvious east-west differentiation trend. The regions and their neighborhoods with high consumption level that simultaneously shifting upward are mainly distributed in the east of China. The regions and their neighborhoods with consumption level shifting downward are clustered in the west of China. In addition, the central China region indicates a stationary consumption level, while the consumption level of the adjacent regions presents a varied state of convergence.