地球信息科学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (3): 281-289.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2015.00281

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地理设计视角下的空间管制规划与应用——以张家界市为例

马琦伟(), 刘溪*()   

  1. 中国城市规划设计研究院,北京 100044
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-20 修回日期:2014-10-09 出版日期:2015-03-10 发布日期:2015-03-10
  • 通讯作者: 刘溪 E-mail:ecoplanner@163.com;719616255@qq.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:马琦伟(1983-),男,浙江绍兴人,硕士,研究方向为城市规划与地理信息系统。E-mail:ecoplanner@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171267);中国科技部—欧洲空间局合作“龙计划”三期项目(10665)

A New Attempt of Spatial Governance from the Perspective of GeoDesign: The Application of Integrated Geographical Unit in Zhangjiajie

MA Qiwei(), LIU Xi*()   

  1. China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2014-06-20 Revised:2014-10-09 Online:2015-03-10 Published:2015-03-10
  • Contact: LIU Xi E-mail:ecoplanner@163.com;719616255@qq.com
  • About author:

    *The author: SHEN Jingwei, E-mail:jingweigis@163.com

摘要:

地理设计作为城乡规划的前沿领域,体现了信息化技术对传统规划领域的革新。空间管制规划是城乡规划的重要组成部分,因其与地理环境结合紧密、涉及要素多、管理难度大的特点,更需借助地理设计,实现规划策略的合理制定和实施。本文在梳理国内外地理设计和空间管制相关研究的基础上,首先界定了本文的核心概念——综合地理单元,理清其与生态功能区划、生态单元等相关概念之间的关系,并阐明了这一概念与地理设计之间的内在联系。同时,分析了我国城乡空间管制规划中传统技术所面临的困境和挑战,论证在这一领域引入综合地理单元的必要性;进而在传统空间管制规划的基础上,以张家界市的实践为例,应用地理设计思维,提出以综合地理单元为基本载体的空间管制系统。并从综合地理单元的划分、管制要素的单元化和综合地理单元的空间管制系统编制等方面出发,构建了一个完整的体系。另从总体功能布局、产业发展、人口调控、交通设施建设等方面,分析该系统对张家界市城乡一体化发展规划编制的支撑作用。

关键词: 地理设计, 空间管制, 综合地理单元

Abstract:

GeoDesign leads the technological innovation at the frontier of traditional urban and rural planning. Spatial governance is an important part of urban and rural planning. Facing the difficulties regarding geographical environment, governance and other elements, it is necessary to introduce GeoDesign to formulate rational planning strategies. Under the review of literatures on spatial governance from domestic and overseas research, we firstly define “the integrated geographical unit” as the core concept of this paper. By elaborating its relationship with other relevant concepts, such as ecological function zoning and ecological units, this paper expounds the inherent connection between the integrated geographical unit and GeoDesign. Then, we analyze the dilemmas that traditional spatial planning strategy faces, and indicate the necessity of introducing the concept of integrated geographical unit. Taking this new concept as the basic carrier of spatial governance, this paper systematically formulates the key framework. It explains the division of integrated geographical units, the unitization of governance elements, and the establishment of spatial governance system. Finally, the framework is applied to the urban-rural comprehensive planning of Zhangjiajie city, and is served as an effective planning tool. In this project, the existing ecological factors on both regional and local scales are evaluated and mapped. The whole Zhangjiajie city is divided into 607 integrated geographical units according to the terrain, administrative boundary, boundary of protected areas and the evaluation of ecological importance. Finally, the retrieval tables of information and regulation strategies are established in order to manage all units. To conclude, this framework clearly demonstrates its supporting role in providing the guidelines for functional structure, industrial development, population management and transportation infrastructure construction.

Key words: GeoDesign, spatial governance, integrated geographical unit