地球信息科学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (5): 590-597.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2015.00590

• 地理空间分析综合应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市KTV娱乐休闲场所空间分布及扩散规律研究

伍钟洁1,2, 芮一康1,2, 郏建1,2, 倪建华1,2, 王结臣1,2   

  1. 1. 江苏省地理信息技术重点实验室, 南京210093;
    2. 南京大学地理信息科学系, 南京210023
  • 收稿日期:2014-11-15 修回日期:2014-12-30 出版日期:2015-05-10 发布日期:2015-05-10
  • 通讯作者: 王结臣(1973-),男,教授,研究方向为地图学与地理信息系统。E-mail:wangjiechen@nju.edu.cn E-mail:wangjiechen@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:伍钟洁(1990-),女,硕士生,主要从事空间数据分析,空间数据可视化等研究。E-mail:wuzhongjienju@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41401450);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划(NCET-13-0280)。

Analysis on the Spatial Distribution and Expansion Characteristics of Urban Entertainment and Leisure Venues: A Case Study on KTV

WU Zhongjie1,2, RUI Yikang1,2, JIA Jian1,2, NI Jianhua1,2, WANG Jiechen1,2   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Department of Geographic Information Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2014-11-15 Revised:2014-12-30 Online:2015-05-10 Published:2015-05-10

摘要:

随着服务业的发展和文化产业的不断推进,城市文化娱乐休闲服务业成为城市经济和社会发展的重要标志和推动力。本文以地理空间实体数据和商业统计数据为基础,以GIS 的空间数据可视化和统计分析方法,研究典型城市娱乐休闲服务业KTV在中国大陆地区的行业发展、空间分布及空间扩散特征。研究表明,KTV在全国发展迅速、分布广泛,在宏、中、微观的全国、省域和市域尺度下,其空间分布分别表现出空间区域分异、等级差异、面状均衡和中心集聚等特征,并与区域经济、人口、文化等因素有一定的相关性。各种类型KTV在空间扩散上具有由东向西,由中心向周边扩散的特点,其中连锁类KTV扩散具有社会经济现象地理扩散规律,主要表现为空间等级扩散和接触扩散特征。

关键词: KTV娱乐休闲, 空间分布, 空间扩散, 空间数据分析

Abstract:

With the development of service industry and promotion of culture industry, urban leisure and entertainment industry have gradually become an important symbol and driving force for urban economic and social development. KTV is a typical representative of the urban leisure and cultural entertainment services in China. Based on the geospatial entity data and business statistics data, this paper studies the market structure, spatial distribution and spatial expansion characteristics of KTV facilities in mainland China, using the spatial data visualization and the statistical analysis of GIS technology. Results show that KTV services have been rapidly developed and widely distributed across the whole country. The spatial distributions of KTV services were analyzed at national, provincial and city levels respectively, and they presented distinct characteristics including regional differentiation, urban hierarchy divergence, planar equalization, and central agglomeration. The relations between the spatial distribution and the influence factors, such as regional economy, population, and culture, were also investigated. All types of KTV facilities expand spatially from east to west and from the center to surrounding areas. In addition, among all types of KTV facilities, the KTV chains follow the geographical diffusion principles according to social economic phenomena research, which mainly include characteristics of hierarchy diffusion and contiguous diffusion.

Key words: spatial distribution, spatial diffusion, spatial data analysis, KTV entertainment