地球信息科学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 57-67.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2016.00057

• 中国古-近代地图挖掘、分析与利用专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国近代省区地图特色与价值的探讨

叶妍君1,2(), 张岸1, 齐清文1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-11 修回日期:2015-07-16 出版日期:2016-01-10 发布日期:2016-01-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:叶妍君(1988-),女,汉族,河北邯郸人,博士生,研究方向为中国近代地图、地学信息图谱。E-mail: yeyj.14b@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    科技部基础性工作专项项目“《中国近代地图志》编研”(2012FY120200)

The Characteristic and Value of Provincial and Regional Maps in Near Modern China

YE Yanjun1,2,*(), ZHANG An1, QI Qingwen1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-05-11 Revised:2015-07-16 Online:2016-01-10 Published:2016-01-10
  • Contact: YE Yanjun E-mail:yeyj.14b@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

中国近代(明、清和民国时期)是中国地图编制史上比较有代表性的时期,反映了中国封建社会制图学后期向现代地图学转变的过程。中国近代省区地图具有其他类型地图所不具有的编制特色。本研究通过收集中国近代省区地图资料,从单幅地图、地图集、百科全书并存的出版形式和按行政单位分级分幅的图集编排系统2方面,分析了中国近代省区地图科学内容的编排体系特色;并分别探讨了单幅省区地图、百科全书收录的省区地图和地图集的设计和变化,以总结中国近代省区地图的制图特色,为现今地图制图学提供参考。中国近代省区地图具有较高的地学价值,通过研究中国近代省区地图,可印证省级行政区划单元的地理独特性,揭示省级行政区划单元的内部格局,有利于加强省和区域的管理。

关键词: 中国近代, 省区, 编排体系, 制图特色, 地图集, 价值

Abstract:

Map drawing in near modern China (Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty and Republic of China) is the best representation of Chinese ancient cartography. The later stage of Chinese feudal society was the transition period that ancient cartography was changing to modern cartography. It’s necessary to research the maps made in the near modern period. Provincial and regional maps of near modern China reveal more characteristics than other types of maps in that period. Through collecting the maps of near modern China, the characteristics of provincial and regional maps of near modern China were discussed from two aspects, including the arrangement systems and expression methods. The arrangement systems of provincial and regional maps in near modern China were further divided into two parts, one is the different publication formats during the same period, such as single pieces of maps from historical records and maps included in atlas and encyclopaedia, the other is the arrangement system classification and subdivision based on administrative divisions. The expression methods of provincial and regional maps in near modern China were divided into three parts, including the expression method characteristics of single provincial and regional map, provincial and regional maps in encyclopaedia, and provincial and regional atlas. It is of significant value to research the provincial and regional maps of near modern China. Through these studies and comparisons of modern atlas within various periods, we can further study the peculiarities of provincial administrative division, inner structure of provincial physical geography unit and strengthening management of province and region. This paper lays a foundation to the further study of the provincial and regional maps of near modern China, and also provided a reference for the drawing of provincial and regional maps and the compiling of atlas in modern China.

Key words: modern China, province and region, arrangement systems, mapping characteristics, atlas, value