地球信息科学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 96-105.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2016.00096

• 中国古-近代地图挖掘、分析与利用专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国古代风景名胜地图艺术性探讨

皮龙风1(), 张岸2,*(), 夏小琳1   

  1. 1. 山东科技大学测绘科学与工程学院,青岛 266590
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-08 修回日期:2015-05-27 出版日期:2016-01-10 发布日期:2016-01-10
  • 通讯作者: 张岸 E-mail:pilomgfeng@163.com;zhangan@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:皮龙风(1989-),男,汉族,山东青岛人,硕士生,研究方向为中国近代地图、地理信息系统与精准农业。E-mail: pilomgfeng@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    科技部基础性工作专项“《中国近代地图志》编研”(2012FY120200)

Study on the Artistic Characteristics of Ancient Scenic Spots Map

PI Longfeng1(), ZHANG An2,*(), XIA Xiaolin1   

  1. 1. Surveying and Mapping Institute of Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-05-08 Revised:2015-05-27 Online:2016-01-10 Published:2016-01-10
  • Contact: ZHANG An E-mail:pilomgfeng@163.com;zhangan@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

中国古代风景名胜地图脱胎于中国山水画,因此与中国山水画有着千丝万缕的关系。同时,由于受时代条件的限制,古人更多将关注点放在地图的艺术特征层面上。古代风景名胜地图是中国特有艺术与文化的产物,集中国传统思想、文化、书法、绘画等多种艺术于一身,具有重要的文化与艺术价值,值得探寻与传承。本文从地图学的符号设计、制图综合、比例尺、方位与色彩、注记与文字、传统思想等多种角度对中国古代风景名胜地图的艺术特征进行了探讨,并以图的形式对相应特征作了阐述。这些艺术特征是中国传统文化的代表与结晶,有博大精深的思想内涵,尤其是儒家、道家、佛家的思想从根源上无形有形地影响古代风景名胜地图的艺术性的发展。古代风景名胜地图的艺术性能为当代以二维居多、艺术性严重不足的现代地图发展提供重要的借鉴意义,并且对于弘扬中国传统文化的今天,具有重要的文化战略意义与传承价值。

关键词: 山水画, 古风景名胜地图, 艺术特征, 传统思想, 文化传承

Abstract:

Maps of scenic spots in ancient China were originated from Chinese landscape painting and thus associated with it closely. At the same time, the ancients paid more attention to the artistic features of maps due to time limitations as well as the lack of ancient scientific requirements for mapping. Ancient map of scenic spot is products of China's unique art and culture. It is the combination of Chinese traditional ideology and culture, calligraphy, painting and the other types of arts and it has important cultural and artistic value. This paper discusses the artistic characteristics of ancient scenic spot maps in terms of cartography, generalization, scaling, orientation, color, annotation and traditional ideology. Also, the corresponding artistic characteristics are presented by the attached maps to show the beauty of ancient art. Chinese culture is extensive and profound, and it contains a variety of ideas, such as Confucianism, Taoist thought and Buddhist thought. These thoughts have a profound impact on the development of ancient map art. Modern map pays great attention to the scientific nature leading to the lack of artistic quality. Nevertheless, the ancient Chinese map of scenic spot is inspired by Chinese traditional ideology, culture, calligraphy, painting and other forms of art ,which can well make up for its defects. Studying the artistic features of ancient scenic spot maps not only has an important reference significance for the development of contemporary cartography, but also plays an important role for inheriting Chinese traditional culture, therefore we should dig deeper into these cultural treasures and also introduce Chinese culture to the world.

Key words: landscape painting, the ancient scenic spots map, artistic features, traditional thought, cultural heritage