地球信息科学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (6): 758-766.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2016.00758

• 地球信息科学理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

意象图式在地图符号结构生成中的应用研究

卢瑞(), 贾奋励, 田江鹏, 宋国民   

  1. 信息工程大学地理信息空间学院,郑州 450052
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-24 修回日期:2015-11-15 出版日期:2016-06-10 发布日期:2016-06-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:卢瑞(1987-),男,江苏徐州人,硕士生,研究方向为地图制图学与地理信息工程。E-mail: lrperfect@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目“新疆渭干河流域土地利用/土地覆盖生态风险及预警研究”(41261051);新疆维吾尔自治区重点实验室“新疆干旱区湖泊环境与资源实验室”开放基金项目“艾比湖湿地土壤盐碱化及人文驱动因子分析”(XJDX0909-2010-08)

The Application of Image Schema in the Generation of Map Symbols

LU Rui*(), JIA Fenli, TIAN Jiangpeng, SONG Guomin   

  1. Institute of Geography Spatial Information, Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou 450052, China
  • Received:2015-08-24 Revised:2015-11-15 Online:2016-06-10 Published:2016-06-10
  • Contact: LU Rui E-mail:lrperfect@163.com

摘要:

地图符号结构是指生成地图符号的各符素间的组合关系,它具有图形结构和意义上的双重含义。为了解决地图符号结构的理论依据问题,本文引入了意象图式的概念,提出了基于意象图式的地图符号结构生成理论。对地理实体的认知机理进行分析,说明了意象图式在形成地理实体概念和生成地图符号所起到的基础作用;对地图符号表征地理实体所选用的意象图式类型进行归纳,可得到7种最基本的意象图式类型;对图形间拓扑关系和意象图式的关系总结,得出了每种意象图式的图形结构表达与参数化描述。最后,通过符素组合实验和符号认知实验,验证了基于意象图式来生成地图符号的正确性和科学性。

关键词: 地图符号结构, 意象图式, 意象图式表达, 隐喻视角, 认知实验

Abstract:

With the continuous development of computer technology, the purpose of map is more and more diverse, and the demand of map automation is increasingly high. As an important part of map, the automatic generation of symbols is also improved. Many researchers, including Jia Fenli, Tian Jiangpeng, and Peng Keman, have connected the symbol design with the semantic analysis based on the analogy between map symbols and natural language; proposed the concept of symbol-morpheme and associated it with the symbolic structures; and then realized the automatic generation of symbols on computer. However, the creation of symbol-morpheme combination and the reason behind this combination is still lack of good theoretical support and explanation. In order to solidify the theoretical basis of map symbol structure, this paper introduces the concept of image schema, and puts forward the theory of map symbol structure generation based on image schema. Through analyzing the cognitive mechanism of geographical entities, this paper illustrates the basic function of the image schema in forming the concepts of geographical entities and mental space. Secondly, the types of image schema used to represent the geographical entities are summarized and seven most basic image schema types are obtained. Finally, we summarize the graphic structure expression and the parametric description of each image schema by studying the relationship between the topological relationship and the image schema. In order to verify the correctness and the scientific nature of the theory for map symbol structure generation based on image schema, we conducted two experiments in this paper. The results of the experiments prove that the image schema plays a decisive role in the generation of map symbols and gives a good cognitive effect for the generated map symbols based on image schema.

Key words: map symbol structure, image schema, expression of image schema, metaphor perspective, cognitive experiment