地球信息科学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (6): 779-786.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2016.00779

• 地理空间分析综合应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京市备案停车场供需空间格局分析

胡瑞山1(), 杨振山1,2,*(), 张婉莹3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟实验室,北京 100101
    3. 中国人民大学, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-25 修回日期:2015-10-22 出版日期:2016-06-10 发布日期:2016-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 杨振山 E-mail:hurs@igsnrr.ac.cn;yangzs@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:胡瑞山(1974-),男,博士,江苏东海人,主要从事城市规划和区域规划研究。E-mail: hurs@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目青年-面上连续项目(41371008);中国科学院青年创新促进会资助项目(2014042)

Spatial Pattern Analysis on the Supply and Demand of Registered Parking Lots in Beijing

HU Ruishan1(), YANG Zhenshan1,2,*(), ZHANG Wanying3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research at Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Lab of Regional Sustainable Development and Modelling at Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Renmin University, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2015-06-25 Revised:2015-10-22 Online:2016-06-10 Published:2016-06-10
  • Contact: YANG Zhenshan E-mail:hurs@igsnrr.ac.cn;yangzs@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

北京市汽车拥有量不断增加,停车位供给严重不足,这不仅导致了违章停车、时间浪费和交通效率低下,还衍生了环境污染和交通安全等问题。为充分了解北京市中心城区备案停车场在不同区域供给与需求对比的空间分布规律,以及缓解北京市停车困难提供决策参考,本文通过对备案停车场进行地理编码,以备案停车场停车位和分街道居住人口平均拥有车辆数作为参照指标,运用两步移动搜索法分析北京市备案停车场在不同区域居住停车供需对比状况。结果表明,北京市中心城区大部分地区备案停车场供给难以满足停车需求,中心城区每百人备案停车位小于5的街道占比约为41.5%、面积占比约为72.3%,人口占比约为41.7%,停车可达性远低于中心城区每百人汽车拥有量。空间分布上,备案停车可达性核心地区好于外围地区,常住人口停车需求供给不足,最严重的区域主要分布在南四环和南五环之间、五环附近和外围地区、西北三环附近和二环城市中轴线上(除东华门街道区域外)。传统的金融街、CBD居住停车可达性和供需比较好,而中关村地区可达性优势并不明显。因此,未来应增加核心地区和老旧小区居住备案停车场的供给,对核心地区应通过调整停车收费标准影响人们的出行方式,加大违章停车的惩处力度,减少交通拥堵。

关键词: 停车, 备案停车场, 空间分析, 北京

Abstract:

With the fast growing of vehicle population, parking is turning into an important element of urban management. The tension between the supply and demand of parking has caused a series of serious problems, such as the illegal parking, the increase of cruising time, the safety issues of cars and drivers, and the air pollution. From the spatial perspective, this paper examines the supply-demand relationship of the registered parking plots in Beijing in 2014. Specifically, the two-step floating catchment area method was used to analyze the situation and pressure of parking by comparing the supply of parking plots and the demand at a street level. The study shows that most of the urban centers face the big pressure on the parking demand, and 41.5% of the streets, 72.3% of the area and about 41.7% of the population in Beijing urban area have their accessibility to the registered parking spots to be less than 5 for every hundred people. The accessibility to the registered parking area is higher in the urban center than in the periphery area, and the lowest values are found to be located between the fourth-fifth south ring road, along the fifth ring road, along the third northwest ring road and the urban central axis, excluding the Donghua Gate Street. Higher accessibility is found to be in the financial street and the central business district, while Zhongguancun area does not have a high accessibility to registered parking areas. Future management planning should emphasize and increase the number of registered parking lots, especially in the key urban functional areas and in the old residential communities, with the consideration of adjusting parking fee standard to influence people’s transportation and parking behavior.

Key words: parking, registered parking plot, spatial pattern, Beijing