地球信息科学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (8): 1094-1102.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2016.01094

• 地理空间分析综合应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

厦门市高温热浪人群健康风险格局分析

赵颜创1,2(), 赵小锋1,2,*(), 刘乐乐1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院城市环境研究所,中国科学院城市环境与健康重点实验室,厦门 361021
    2. 厦门市城市代谢重点实验室,厦门 361021
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-05 修回日期:2015-12-06 出版日期:2016-08-10 发布日期:2016-08-19
  • 通讯作者: 赵小锋 E-mail:yczhao@iue.ac.cn;xfzhao@iue.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:赵颜创(1988-),男,河南郑州人,硕士生,研究方向为城市热环境。E-mail:yczhao@iue.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    福建省自然科学基金项目(2013J05062);国家自然科学基金项目(41371392);厦门市科技计划项目(3502Z20142020);国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAC21B03)

Spatial Pattern Analysis on Human Health Risk of Heatwave in Xiamen City

ZHAO Yanchuang1,2(), ZHAO Xiaofeng1,2,*(), LIU Lele1,2,3   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
    2. Xiamen Key Lab of Urban Metabolism, Xiamen 361021, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-11-05 Revised:2015-12-06 Online:2016-08-10 Published:2016-08-19
  • Contact: ZHAO Xiaofeng E-mail:yczhao@iue.ac.cn;xfzhao@iue.ac.cn

摘要:

高温热浪已成为世界范围内夏季频繁发生的极端气象灾害事件,威胁着人类健康。研究高温热浪人群健康风险的空间格局,可以识别灾害高风险区域,有助于预防和应对高温热浪灾害。本文以厦门市为例,在历史气象数据分析的基础上,建立了高温热浪案例库,分析了厦门高温热浪的基本特征。通过结合卫星遥感影像和人口统计数据,选取2010年的一次高温热浪事件,进行人口因子和环境因子叠加分析,研究了厦门市高温热浪人群健康风险的空间格局,得出如下结论:(1)厦门市高温热浪强度较轻,频率较高,偶尔会发生强等级高温热浪;(2)高温热浪人群健康的高风险区域集中在厦门本岛内,沿东北-西南方向呈带状分布,较高等级的风险热点主要位于湖里区江头街道的北部与东南部和思明区夏港街道大部分区域;(3)高温热浪人群健康风险的空间格局与环境和人口的空间分布特征密不可分。本文对完善国内高温热浪人群健康风险分析的科学体系具有重要意义。

关键词: 高温热浪, 健康风险, 空间格局, 厦门市

Abstract:

Heatwave has become an extreme meteorological disaster which occurred frequently during the summer. Moreover, heatwave could evidently affect the healthy conditions of residents. Thus, study the spatial pattern of heatwave health risk would be helpful for us to prevent from and respond to the impacts of heatwaves. Using the historically meteorological datum of Xiamen, this study built a database of heatwave cases and analyzed the basic characteristics of heatwaves in Xiamen. Taking a heatwave event occurred in 2010 as a case, we analyzed the spatial pattern of heatwave health risk by using both the remote sensing data and the demographic data. It is concluded as the following statements. (1) The intensity of heatwaves in Xiamen is quite low, but its frequency is rather high. An intensive heatwave occurred occasionally. (2) The regions with high health risk are located in Xiamen Island, lying from the northeast toward the southwest. The regions with the highest healthy risk are located in the northern and southeastern Jiangtou sub-district, Huli district, and the most area of Xiagang sub-district and Siming district. (3) The human health risk pattern of Heatwave is associated with the spatial distribution of environmental and demographic factors. Generally, this study promotes and extends the scientific knowledge on the health risk of heatwaves.

Key words: heatwave, health risk, spatial pattern, Xiamen city