地球信息科学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (12): 1684-1697.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2016.01684

• 遥感科学与应用技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市地表要素的地表能量响应特征及其关系研究

王蕾1,2(), 关燕宁1, 郭杉1,*(), 姚武韬1,2, 蔡丹路1, 张春燕1, 肖寒1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-25 修回日期:2016-05-05 出版日期:2016-12-27 发布日期:2016-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 郭杉 E-mail:wangleilei0719@163.com;guoshan@irsa.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王 蕾(1989-),女,河北人,硕士生,研究方向为城市地表要素类型变化对环境的影响。 E-mail:wangleilei0719@163.com

Urban Surface Energy’s Responses to Land Surface ElementTypes and Interactive Relationship

WANG Lei1,2(), GUAN Yanning1, GUO Shan1,*(), YAO Wutao1,2, CAI Danlu1, ZHANG Chunyan1, XIAO Han1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Sensing and Digital Earth, CA S, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-03-25 Revised:2016-05-05 Online:2016-12-27 Published:2016-12-20
  • Contact: GUO Shan E-mail:wangleilei0719@163.com;guoshan@irsa.ac.cn

摘要:

遥感地表能量信息可揭示城市地表要素的地表能量综合响应特征和作用关系特征,客观地反映了城市实体空间、开敞空间及其开放空间网络的格局和变化。本文从重庆城市地表能量响应的基本网格单元和研究区尺度,分析城市地表要素对城市热环境的贡献,并结合与“国际宜居城市”——西雅图的对比,探讨城市化过程中地表要素类型改变对城市热环境的影响及其变化和规律。结果表明:① 在基本网格单元和区域尺度层面,城市地表能量的平衡取决于地表要素中实体空间和开敞空间布局的合理性与稳定性;② 在城市大规模的硬质化区域,建筑实体的垂直体量相对于其水平体量及其组团格局,对于地表能量的聚集、改变具有较高的敏感性;③ 地表要素对城市热环境的影响若达到同等贡献指数(绝对值)程度,基本网格单元的开敞空间比例需要高于实体空间;④ 开敞空间基本网格单元的林地和水体类型所占比例达到20%时,地表能量的减幅明显;⑤ 实体空间基本网格单元的在建/工业用地要素类型所占比例超过5%,以及高密度建设用地所占比例达到30%时,地表能量的增幅明显。本研究旨在从城市地物实体地表能量的体量与空间关系角度,为建设基于城市更新的城市规划和城市设计提供科学依据。

关键词: 遥感, 地表要素, 地表能量, 贡献指数

Abstract:

Remote sensing based urban surface energy information sufficiently reveals the interactive relationship between urban surface energy and land surface element types, which objectively reflect the structures and variations of the high surface energy areas, the open urban fields and the open urban space networks. To attribute the changing urban thermal environment to different combinations of land surface element types, the study area is divided into 154 grids. Seattle of USA, one of the international livable cities, is included as a reference city to further investigate how urban surface energy responses to different processes of urbanization. The following results are noted: (1) planning/designing the high surface energy areas and open urban fields with a better arrangement of land surface element types could benefit the balance of urban surface energy at both the grid scale and the regional scale; (2) for the massively expanded urban hard landscape, the vertical volume of the construction entities is more sensitive to the urban surface energy concentration and change, with respect to their horizontal distribution and group combination; (3) the percentage of open fields in grids will be higher than the high surface energy areas, when the impact of different surface element types on urban thermal environment shows an equality with the same absolute contribution index; (4) an significant decrease in urban surface energy will be found when forest and water occupies more than 20% of the grids; (5) contrarily, a remarkable increase in urban surface energy will appear when the under construction/industrial surface element types accounted for more than 5% of the grids, or when the proportion of high density construction land has reached up to 30% of the grids. In general, this study considers the spatial relationship between urban surface energy and land surface element types and thus to provide scientific references for urban planning and design.

Key words: remote sensing, urban surface energy, land surface element types, contribution index