地球信息科学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (3): 346-354.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2017.00346

• 地理空间分析综合应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

“山东疫苗事件”应急反应能力时空分析

张宁旭1,2(), 廖一兰1,*(), 刘小驰3,4, 陈会宴5   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 10049
    3. 中国地质大学(北京),北京 100083
    4. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
    5. 长安大学地球科学与资源学院,西安 710054
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-13 修回日期:2016-09-18 出版日期:2017-03-20 发布日期:2017-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 廖一兰 E-mail:znx@lreis.ac.cn;liaoyl@lreis.cn.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张宁旭(1993-),女,北京人,硕士生,主要从事时空聚类算法研究。E-mail:znx@lreis.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471377);国家自然科学基金创新群体项目(41421001);资源与环境国家重点实验室自主创新青年基金项目

Spatial-temporal Analysis of Emergency Response Capability of the “Shandong Vaccine Event”

ZHANG Ningxu1,2(), LIAO Yilan1,*(), LIU Xiaochi3,4, CHEN Huiyan5   

  1. 1. The State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 100101
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, 10049
    3. China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083
    4. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing, 210023
    5. The School of Earth Science and Resources, Chang’an University, Xi'an 710054, China
  • Received:2016-05-13 Revised:2016-09-18 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-20
  • Contact: LIAO Yilan E-mail:znx@lreis.ac.cn;liaoyl@lreis.cn.cn

摘要:

突发公共卫生事件影响范围广且对公众健康危害严重。疾病预防控制中心(CDC)作为中国疾病预防控制与公共卫生技术管理和服务的重要机构,其对突发公共卫生事件的应急反应能力会直接影响应急处置效果,而及时反应可以在第一时间为民众提供有效信息,在最大程度上减少突发事件造成的恐慌,因此,科学地评价CDC部门对突发公共卫生事件的应急反应能力十分重要。本研究以2016年3月18日在山东省发生的非法疫苗事件为例,收集了事件发生后各地级市CDC部门官网上公布的相关信息,并采用时空分析的方法,对中国地市级CDC部门突发公共卫生事件应急反应能力进行了评价。研究方法包括对疫苗事件各地市CDC部门的反应速度和内容的时空可视化分析,以及基于空间扫描统计量方法的CDC部门疫苗事件应急反应的空间聚集性分析,结果显示中国各地CDC部门信息化建设存在地域不均现象;西南地区CDC部门官网对突发公共卫生事件反应明显比其他区域迅速,且具有显著的空间聚集性;山东省和河南省作为疫苗事件中问题疫苗的流通大省,是此次事件的高风险区域,但是其CDC部门的反应速度较慢,对突发公共卫生事件的应急反应能力较弱。

关键词: 突发公共卫生事件, CDC, 应急反应能力, 空间聚集性, 时空分析

Abstract:

Emergent public health events have a wide range of effect and serious harm to public health. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is an important institution of disease prevention and control and public health management and technical services in China. Its ability of responding to public health emergency will directly affect the effectiveness of emergency handling and a timely reaction can provide useful information for the public at the first time and reduce the panic caused by this incident to the largest extent. Therefore, it's important to scientifically evaluate the capability of CDC to deal with the public health emergencies. In this study, we took the “Shandong vaccine event” outbreak in March 18, 2016 as an example, collected the relevant information published on the CDC website and used the temporal-spatial analysis to evaluate the capability of CDC in China to deal with the public health emergencies. The data was from the CDC official website of each city which responded to this event. It shows that 73.2% of the total cities has established a CDC official website, of which 69% of the cities have responses. This analysis included the visualization analysis of the speed and the contents of responses and the spatial clustering analysis, using the spatial scan statistics method to detect the spatial cluster of the responded city. The results of this analysis showed that the spatial distribution of the information construction of CDC in China is inequality. Compared with the other regions of China, the CDC department's official websites of cities in southwestern region responded faster on public health emergency, and has a significant spatial clustering in this area. The CDC department of Shandong and Henan provinces which was the huge circulation province of the failing vaccine and the high-risk areas in this vaccine incident, didn't have a timely reaction and the capability of response to the public health emergency is weak.

Key words: public health emergency, CDC, emergency response, spatial clustering, spatial-temporal analysis