地球信息科学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (8): 1060-1068.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2017.01060

• 地理空间分析综合应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

江苏省商业网点的空间分布特征及其区域差异因素

车冰清1,2(), 简晓彬1, 陆玉麒2,3   

  1. 1. 江苏师范大学“一带一路”研究院,徐州 221009
    2. 南京师范大学 地理科学学院,南京 210023
    3. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-05 修回日期:2017-05-04 出版日期:2017-08-20 发布日期:2017-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:车冰清(1981-),男,江苏沛县人,博士,副教授,主要从事空间结构与区域发展方面研究。E-mail: chebingqing@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目“江苏省的典型区域城乡空间形态的演化机理与优化调控研究”(41501122);江苏省社会科学基金项目“提升沿东陇海线地区发展水平研究”(15JD012)

Study on the Distribution Characteristics and Regional Difference of Commercial Network in Jiangsu Province

CHE Bingqing1,2,*(), JIAN Xiaobin1, LU Yuqi2,3   

  1. 1. Belt & Road Institute, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China
    2. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2017-04-05 Revised:2017-05-04 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2017-08-20
  • Contact: CHE Bingqing E-mail:chebingqing@163.com

摘要:

以江苏省商业网点POI(兴趣点)数据为基础,结合经济社会统计数据,分别对批发零售业、住宿业和餐饮业三种业态类型,运用标准差椭圆、核密度、最近邻指数以及多元线性回归等分析方法,探讨不同发展水平、发展阶段城市商业网点的空间分布模式和业态结构特征,并揭示其区域差异的影响因素。研究发现:江苏省商业网点总体上具有西北走向分布态势,呈现相对集中分布格局,表现出在长江以南地区集聚和在地级城市中心城区密集布局的特征;不同业态类型网点空间分布具有差异,批发零售业网点的空间集聚特征最显著,住宿业网点的分布相对均衡;各市商业业态结构呈现出批发零售业和餐饮业网点数量为主,以及批发零售业销售额独大的特征;地区生产总值、人口规模、居民人均可支配收入、城市综合可达性以及第三次产业产值比重是影响商业网点分布的重要因素,不同因素对商业网点分布的影响程度差异性较大,居民消费能力和地区发展水平是江苏省商业网点分布差异的主要驱动力。

关键词: 商业网点, 分布格局, 业态结构, 影响因素, 江苏省

Abstract:

Based on the data of POI (point of interest) in Jiangsu Province and economic and social statistics data, we used the methods of the standard deviation ellipse, nuclear density, the nearest neighbor index, and multiple linear regression to discuss the spatial distribution pattern and agglomeration characteristics of urban commercial outlets at different levels and stages of development. We also revealed the influencing factors of regional differences in the wholesale and retails, residential and catering industries. It was found that the commercial outlets in Jiangsu Province had the distribution trend of moving northwest, indicating a relatively concentrated distribution pattern and the characteristics of agglomerating in the cities south of the Yangtze River and intensive layout in centers of the prefecture-level cities. The spatial distribution patterns of different types of outlets varied from one to another. In the wholesale and retail industries, the spatial clustering characteristics of outlets are the most significant, while the distribution of residential outlets is relatively balanced. The commercial structure of each city is characterized by the number of wholesale and retail outlets and restaurants, as the sales of wholesale and retail take the dominant place. The regional GDP, population size, per capita disposable income of residents, comprehensive accessibility of cities, and proportion of the tertiary industry are the main factors deciding the distribution of outlets. The influence of different factors on the distribution of commercial outlets diverse from each other. The proportion of the tertiary industry and regional GDP of Jiangsu Province have more powerful influence on the distribution of commercial outlets.

Key words: commercial network, distribution pattern, commercial structure, influencing factors, Jiangsu Province