地球信息科学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (9): 1150-1157.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2017.01150

• 全空间信息系统理论方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

全空间信息系统认知与表达初探

江南(), 方成, 陈敏颉   

  1. 信息工程大学地理空间信息学院, 郑州 450001
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-06 修回日期:2017-08-03 出版日期:2017-10-09 发布日期:2017-10-09
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:江 南(1964-),女,博士,教授,从事电子地图可视化及专题地图数据处理的研究。E-mail: 13653802609@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFB0502300)

Initial Exploration of Pan-spatial Cognition and Representation

JIANG Nan*(), FANG Cheng, CHEN Minjie   

  1. Geo-Spatial Information Institute, Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  • Received:2017-05-06 Revised:2017-08-03 Online:2017-10-09 Published:2017-10-09
  • Contact: JIANG Nan E-mail:13653802609@163.com

摘要:

随着人类对空间探索脚步的加快和加深,现有的空间表征形式难以满足人类认知客观世界的需求,从而出现了全空间信息系统。为了探索全空间信息系统空间认知的规律,使全空间信息的表达更符合人类的认知特点,本文研究了地理空间认知与表达的发展历程及特点,对纸质地图、电子地图以及GIS等现有表征形式存在的问题进行了分析;在此基础上,探讨了全空间信息系统认知特点,指出全空间信息系统从空间认知广度、空间认知深度以及认知主体3个方面对传统的表征形式进行了扩展,是地图和GIS在大数据时代的拓展和延伸;最后从基于空间认知的角度对全空间信息系统的表达进行了初步阐述,指出全空间信息系统表达不仅需要对多粒度时空对象进行展示性表达,还需要对其进行分析性表达与探索性表达,并探讨了全空间信息系统表达层次的认知内涵。

关键词: 全空间信息系统, 空间认知, 全空间认知

Abstract:

With the accelerated and deepened exploration of the space, it’s difficult for existing spatial represen-tation forms to meet the demands of human cognition of the objective world. Thus, pan-spatial information system has been proposed. In order to explore its regulation of spatial cognition and make the presentation of pan-spatial information more in line with cognitive characteristics of human, we firstly study the development of geographic spatial cognition and presentation, and analyze the problems of representation forms in paper maps, electronic maps and GIS. Then, we discuss the cognitive characteristics of pan-spatial information system, and find that it extends traditional representation forms from the breadth and depth of spatial cognition and cognitive subject. It is the expansion and extension of the map and GIS in the era of big data. Finally, based on spatial cognition, we make a preliminary explanation for the representation of pan-spatial information system, pointing out that it not only needs to represent spatiotemporal objects of multi-granularity on display, but also needs analytical and exploring expression. We also discuss its cognitive connotation of the representation levels.

Key words: pan-spatial information system, spatial cognition, pan-spatial cognition