地球信息科学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (10): 1393-1403.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2017.01393

• 遥感科学与应用技术 • 上一篇    

基于时序InSAR的京津高铁北京段地面沉降监测

周玉营(), 陈蜜*(), 宫辉力, 李小娟, 余洁, 祝秀星   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学水资源安全北京实验室,北京 100048
    2. 首都师范大学 三维信息获取与应用教育部重点实验室,北京 100048
    3. 首都师范大学 城市环境过程与数字模拟国家重点实验室培育基地,北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-21 修回日期:2017-08-14 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 陈蜜 E-mail:carriezhouyuying@126.com;mierc@163.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周玉营(1991-),女,硕士生,研究方向为高分辨率InSAR形变监测。E-mail: carriezhouyuying@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0503803);国家自然科学基金项目(41201419、41671417)

The Subsidence Monitoring of Beijing-Tianjin High-speed Railway Based on PS-InSAR

ZHOU Yuying(), CHEN Mi*(), GONG Huili, LI Xiaojuan, YU Jie, ZHU Xiuxing   

  1. 1. Beijing Laboratory of Water Resources Security, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
    2. MOE Key Lab of 3D Information Acquisition and Application, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
    3. Base of State Key Lab of Urban Environmental Processes and Digital Modeling, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2017-05-21 Revised:2017-08-14 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Contact: CHEN Mi E-mail:carriezhouyuying@126.com;mierc@163.com

摘要:

京津高铁是中国第一条高速运行的城际铁路,其安全运行对轨道的平顺性有着严格的要求。地面沉降,尤其是不均匀地面沉降会引起部分路基和桥梁变形,威胁着高速铁路的运营安全。合成孔径雷达干涉测量技术可以大范围监测地表形变,对高速铁路沿线地面沉降具有较好的监测能力。本文以45景高分辨率TerraSAR-X 数据为基础,采用 PS-InSAR技术监测京津高铁北京段沿线地面沉降,获取京津高铁北京段沿线地面沉降的分布信息,从动静载荷视角结合北京地区地下水、断裂带、地质条件和含水层系统介质等数据,综合分析高铁沿线不均匀地面沉降的原因,为京津高铁的安全运营提供技术支撑。研究结果表明:京津高铁北京段沿线地面沉降发展在空间上存在一定差异性,北京南站至十里河区间,年沉降速率小于10 mm/a; 至十八里店区间,年沉降速率在10~40 mm/a范围内浮动;过亦庄站至东石村以东区间,最大年沉降速率达到90 mm/a;至永隆村以西,年沉降有所缓解,往东至坨堤村,沉降较为稳定,年沉降速率小于10 mm/a。地下水超采是沿线区域地面沉降的主要因素,动静载荷共同作用下对地面沉降产生一定的影响,沿线地面沉降一定程度上受到南苑—通县断裂带和旧宫断裂带构造控制,沉降量较大的路段位于粘土层较厚的大兴迭隆起。

关键词: 京津高铁, 地面沉降, PS-InSAR, 地下水, 动静载荷

Abstract:

The Beijing-Tianjin high-speed railway is the first high-speed railway in China. The stability of the geological environment is crucial for the safe operation of the high-speed railway. Land subsidence especially uneven subsidence will probably cause the deformation of the roadbed and bridge, which may affect the safety of high-speed railway operation. Therefore, it has very important significance for land subsidence monitoring along the high-speed railway. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) is an effective way for monitoring land subsidence with high precision. Based on 45 high-resolution TerraSAR-X images acquired from 2010 to 2015, the Permanent Scatter Interferometry (PS-InSAR) is empolyed to obtain land subsidence information along Beijing-Tianjin high-speed railway in Beijing section. The results indicate that there exist different spatial distributions of the land subsidence along the high-speed railway, the annual subsidence rate from Beijing south railway station to Shilihe interval is less than 10 mm/a, and from Shilihe to Shibalidian interval the annual subsidence rate ranges from 10 to 40 mm/a. And the maximum annual subsidence rate reaches 90mm/a from Yizhuang station to the east interval. The comprehensive analysis of static-dynamic loadings and hydrogeological data can help to understand the causes of land subsidence along high-speed railway. Over-exploitation of groundwater is the main factor of land subsidence in the study area, and the combination of dynamic and static loadings have certain influence on land subsidence. To some extent, the land subsidence along the high-speed railway is controlled by the Nanyuan-Tongzhou fault and the Jiugong fault, and most parts of the land subsidence are located in the Daxing uplifted belt with thick clay layer.

Key words: Beijing-Tianjin high-speed railway, subsidence, PS-InSAR, groundwater, dynamic and static load