地球信息科学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (7): 1109-1120.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2019.180630

• 遥感科学与应用技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于SBAS-InSAR的矿区采空区潜在滑坡综合识别方法

郭瑞1(), 李素敏1,2,3,*(), 陈娅男1, 袁利伟2,3,4   

  1. 1. 昆明理工大学 国土资源工程学院, 昆明 650093
    2. 云南省高校高原山区空间信息测绘技术应用工程研究中心, 昆明 650093
    3. 中国有色金属工业协会智慧矿山地理空间信息集成创新重点实验室,昆明650093
    4. 昆明理工大学 公共安全与应急管理学院,昆明 650093
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-04 修回日期:2019-03-08 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-07-31
  • 通讯作者: 李素敏 E-mail:grzte@qq.com;153064487@qq.com
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:郭 瑞(1993-),男,河南洛阳人,硕士生,研究方向为InSAR在变形监测及防灾减灾中的应用。E-mail:grzte@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41161062、41861054)

A Method based on SBAS-InSAR for Comprehensive Identification of Potential Goaf Landslide

Rui GUO1(), Sumin LI1,2,3,*(), Ya'nan CHEN1, Liwei YUAN2,3,4   

  1. 1. Kunming University of Science and technology, School of land and resources engineering, Kunming 650093, China
    2. Surveying and Mapping Geo-Informatics Technology Research Center on Plateau Mountains of Yunnan Higher Education, Kunming 650093, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Intelligent Mine Geospatial Information Integration and Innovation, Key Laboratory of China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, Kunming 650093, China
    4. Kunming University of Science and technology, School of Public Safety and emergency management, Kunming 650093, China
  • Received:2018-12-04 Revised:2019-03-08 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-31
  • Contact: Sumin LI E-mail:grzte@qq.com;153064487@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41161062, 41861051

摘要:

针对位于山区且受大量采空区影响的边坡,利用传统测量方法监测耗费人力、物力且光学遥感难以定量识别其是否为潜在滑坡的问题,本文提出一种融合研究区小基线集(SBAS-InSAR)地表监测数据、坡度及坡向的识别方法。通过SBAS-InSAR技术获得研究区地表雷达视线(LOS)方向形变速率,将其转化为垂直方向形变速率,并根据研究区DEM建立坡度及坡向分析图,根据不同山体的坡度、坡向找到易发生滑坡的区域,融入该区域垂直方向的时序形变速率,对其进行滑坡识别。实验表明:卡房镇周边受采空区的影响较大,多数区域垂直方向年形变速率大于10 mm/a;通过本文方法对研究区潜在滑坡进行识别,发现在研究区的21处历史滑坡点中,有16处被识别为潜在滑坡,5处未被识别但也位于发生形变的区域内,表明本文方法对潜在滑坡的识别精度高,具有可行性。该研究为识别采空附近的潜在滑坡提供了一种新的思路,可以有效识别采空区附近山体边坡是否处于潜在的、不明显的滑动状态,对滑坡灾害具有预警作用。

关键词: SBAS-InSAR, 采空区, 潜在滑坡, 坡度, 坡向, 识别方法, 云南省个旧市卡房镇

Abstract:

Traditional methods for monitoring goaf landslides cost manpower and material resources, while optical remote sensing is difficult for quantitatively identifying potential landslides. This paper used InSAR to monitor the slopes of a mountane area in Kafang Town of Yunnan Province that is affected by goafs. To date, there have been some methods for identifying the occurrence of (potential) landslides, but most of them are based on the line-of-sight (LOS) direction deformation or slope direction that is converted from the LOS direction. Yet, when landslide is monitored based on the LOS direction, the actual deformation trend of the landslide cannot be captured. The deformation based on the slope direction is limited by the different slopes of mountains during the conversion process, and cannot reflect the specific landslide deformation. In this context, this paper proposed a new method that integrated the ground monitoring data of SBAS-InSAR, slope, and aspect. The deformation rate of LOS was obtained by SBAS-InSAR, and then it was converted into the vertical deformation rate. Based on the SRTM DEM data of 30 m resolution in the study area, the GIS analysis tool was used to generate the slope and aspect maps. Combined with the satellite parameters of Sentinel-1A, the radar visibility of the study area was partitioned to obtain effective observation values. The slope and aspect were re-extracted to detect areas where landslide is likely to occur, and then they were integrated into the vertical deformation rate to identify potential landslides. The identified potential landslide areas were compared with historical records to evaluate the accuracy of our method. The result showed that the surrounding areas of Kafang town were notably affected by goafs, and that the vertical deformation rate of most areas was more than 10 mm/a. With the proposed method, we found that 16 of the 21 historical landslide points in the study area were identified as potential landslides while 5 were not identified (but also located in the deformation region). We conclude that our proposed method for identifying potential landslides was highly accurate and feasible. This study provides a way to detect potential landslides near the goafs, by determining whether mountain slopes are in a potential and inconspicuous sliding state or not, and accordingly, helps provide early warnings of landslide disasters.

Key words: SBAS-InSAR, goaf, potential landslide, slop, slop direction, identification method, Kafang Town, Gejiu City, Yunnan Province