Journal of Geo-information Science ›› 2020, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 653-661.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2020.200167

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The Connotation and Inheritance of Geo-information Tupu

ZHANG Hongyan1,*(), ZHOU Chenghu2,3, LV Guonian4, WU Zhifeng5, LU Feng2,3, WANG Jinfeng2,3, YUE Tianxiang2,3, LUO Jiancheng3,6, GE Yong2,3, QIN Chengzhi2,3   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    5. School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    6. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-04-05 Revised:2020-04-20 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-10
  • Contact: ZHANG Hongyan E-mail:zhy@nenu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871330);The Science and Technology Development Project of Jilin Province(20180623058TC)

Abstract:

Geo-information Tupu is an important theoretical exploration field advocated by academician Chen Shupeng in the late of 1990s. Tupu is a Chinese word in Pinyin. It could be understood as map series, graph-spectrum, including the meaning of map, chart, graph, spectrum, plan etc., but we could not find a proper term for it in terminology yet. According to Chen's related literature, this paper discusses the connotation of his thought of geo-information Tupu, and holds that Tupu is the methodology of expression and analysis adopted in many fields, while geo-science tupu is a map series of geo-phenomena and processes in the field of geo-science. Geo-information tupu emphasizes quantitative geo-information (geo-database) and geo-computation, supported by geographic information system, it is expected to use geo-graphic language to visualize and analyze geographical phenomena in space and time, and to simulate the law of relationships between man and environment, reconstructing its past, evaluating its present situation and even predicting its future. The idea of geo-information Tupu is closely related to academician Chen's scientific career. Under the guidance of many famous Chinese profesosors, he laid a solid geographical foundation in his youth. In the early stage of career, he participated in a large number of practice of integrated geography and map design. These experiences promoted him to combine the comprehensive thinking of geography with the graphic representation. The development of remote sensing and GIS expanded his vision on geo-technology. In his later years, he put his passion and led China's development in these fields. Geo-information Tupu was developed, which was a collection of rich theories, methods and technical achievements accumulated in the study of geographical science all his life. Geo-information Tupu is a scientific problem that academician Chen Shupeng left to the later generations. Therefore, the authors puts forward some further reserch directions according to the newest related study progress in order to inherit Chen's scientific question. The development of Holographic map is an important basis for the visualization of geo-information Tupu. It is helpful to discover new geographical phenomena and new geographical laws. The "spectrum" detection of land surface information by remote sensing should be supported by the thought of "map" analysis in geography. It fanally come back to answer the core questions of geography, such as the distribution of complex surface and its mechanism. The cognition of geo-information Tupu takes the relationship between man and environment as the center to construct a new cognition theory from real to vitual geographical space. The goal of geo-information Tupu is to assist in the discovery and utilization of new geo-knowledge, and to lay a theoretical and methodological foundation for realizing automatic and intelligent geo-knowledge Tupu.

Key words: Geo-science, Geo-information Tupu, Comprehensive geography, Map presentation, Holographicmap, Remote sensing, Man-environment relationship, geo-knowledge