Journal of Geo-information Science ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (8): 1351-1361.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2021.200671

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Application Technology Framework and Disciplinary Frontier Progress of Natural Resources Big Data

SHEN Lei1(), ZHENG Xinqi2, TAO Jiange3,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
    3. Systems and Industrial Engineering Technology Research Center, Zhongyuan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 451191, China
  • Received:2020-11-08 Revised:2020-12-21 Online:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-25
  • Contact: TAO Jiange E-mail:shenl@igsnrr.ar.cn;tjg8612905@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Special Project of Strategic Leading Science and Technology of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Class A)(XDA19040102);Lancang-Mekong River Cooperation Special Fund Project of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China;National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771566);Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province(212300410423);Science and Technology Innovation Talent Support Plan of Colleges and Universities in Henan Province(2018-CX-011);Henan Province University Philosophy Social Science Innovation Team Construction Llana(2019-CXTD-10);Social Science Planning Project of Ministry of Education(19YJA630067);Key Foreign Cooperation Projects Funded by the Bureau of International Cooperation, Chinese Academy of Sciences(131A11KYSB20170117)

Abstract:

The application of natural resources big data and its processing technology can provide basic support for the research and management of natural resources, especially for revealing the elements, structure, and correlation of natural resources system, and provide new ideas, new methods, and new technologies for the development of resources science. This paper attempts to clarify the concept, main characteristics, and development trend of natural resources big data, and analyzes the practical significance of natural resources big data for national economic and social development. The construction of natural resources big data is not only an important part of natural resources informatization, but also a new way to improve the efficiency of natural resources industry and the whole social economy, and the governance structure of natural resources and the modernization of natural resources governance capacity. In this paper, the knowledge framework of natural resources big data application research is constructed under the earth system science system, based on the structure of "one map, one network, and one platform", this paper proposes to establish a large database of natural resources integrating space, aviation and ground observations and an application framework in terms of production, residential and ecological spaces, and discusses the establishment of a structural system based on data collection, processing, and application of natural resources. The frontier progress and development trend of natural resources big data application research are also analyzed under this technical framework.

Key words: natural resources, big data, earth system science, application framework, data association, information management, discipline frontier progress