Journal of Geo-information Science ›› 2022, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (9): 1647-1661.doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2022.220081

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Establishing Fundamental Geographic Framework for the Comprehensive Maritimes Atlas Oriented to Sea and Land Integration

HUANG Lina1,2,3,*(), YANG Liuduozi1,2, YAO Xiangyu1,2, HOU Mengying1,2, REN Fu1,3   

  1. 1. School of Resource and Environmental Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Digital Mapping and Land Information Application Engineering, Ministry of Natural Resources, Wuhan 430079, China
    3. Hubei Luojia Laboratory, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2022-02-25 Revised:2022-05-09 Online:2022-09-25 Published:2022-11-25
  • Contact: HUANG Lina E-mail:linahuang@whu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171436);Provincial Teaching Research Project of Colleges and Universities in Hubei Province(2021012)

Abstract:

The design and compilation of comprehensive maritime atlas integrating sea and land information serve the national development initiative of "building a marine community with shared future", it is also an important thrust to promote the culture fusion and friendly cooperation between marine and land areas. Therefore, it has attracted widespread attention in the field of cartography. This paper firstly discusses the special characteristics of marine-land integrated atlas through the comparative analysis with nautical charts and land atlas, referring to the thematic topic, map scale, map projection, and geographic subdivision. Then it proposes a top-level design of fundamental geographic framework for the comprehensive maritime atlas from the perspective of marine and land combination, including both the content system and construction strategy. Next, taking "Maritime Atlas of the World" as an instance, the paper puts forward the specific establishment of fundamental geographic framework in details: (1) the coordinate system of WGS84 should be used for medium and small scale maps, while the CGCS2000 should be used for large scale maps; (2) according to the map thematic and content, cartographic area, and deformation needs, mapping units can use various projections such as qual difference latitude parallel polyconic projection, Mercator projection, Goode projection, and so on; (3) six types of geographic base maps are adopted, i.e. typical reginal map, land map, sea map, navigation area map, and port map, their contents are generated in series by further selection and simplification; (4) all the mapping units should be arranged to the north, and map layouts are various with flexible geographic subdivision and map subdivision. The “Maritime Atlas of the world” complication practice shows that this proposed fundamental geographic framework can well support the integration of marine and land information into a cohesive coordinative manner.

Key words: fundamental geographic framework, marine and land integration, comprehensive atlas, atlas compilation, Maritime Atlas of the World, map design, nautical charts, land maps