Analysis and Prospect on the Prediction Methods of Ground Subsidence in Mining Area

  • 1. College of Resource, Environment &Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
    2. Key Lab of 3D Information Acquisition and Application, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100048, China

Received date: 2010-09-30

  Revised date: 2011-03-23

  Online published: 2011-04-25


The ground surface subsidence due to underground mining of mineral resources is a kind of serious environmental issues over the world, which all the countries with abundant mineral resources are currently confronted with. China is not an exception. With the sharp increasing in mineral resources consumption, this issue will inevitably become more and more severe in the future. In order to greatly reduce the damages induced by ground surface subsidence to the infrastructures and natural environment, it is very important to predict the ground surface subsidence precisely. In the present paper, the authors, first of all, made a systematic and comprehensive analysis on the characteristics and applicability of the major ground subsidence prediction methods currently used at home and abroad. Then, according to their applicability, the authors suggested that the major ground subsidence prediction methods should be divided in to two categories:(1) the prediction methods on spatial domain distribution; (2) the prediction methods on the temporal domain variation. In addition, several feasible and significant directions in the investigation of the ground subsidence prediction were put forward, including (1) on the ground prediction under the concrete circumstances of geology and mining; (2) on the unification problem for the spatial distribution and the temporal variation in the prediction of the ground surface subsidence; and (3) on the integration problem of ground temporal subsidence prediction and field monitoring. Finally, the authors conducted the prospect on the prediction of ground surface subsidence, in which the cooperation and supplement between the prediction methods of ground surface subsidence and the advanced modern space Earth observation monitoring techniques, such as Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar and Global Positioning System were emphasized and expected to substantially improve the prediction accuracy of ground surface subsidence and utmost reduce the damages induced by underground mining of mineral resources. Along with the continuously increasing demands for mineral resources, the investigation on ground surface subsidence prediction is expected to play a more important role in the protection of ground surface facilities and natural environments in the future.

Cite this article

CHANG Zhanqiang, GONG Huili . Analysis and Prospect on the Prediction Methods of Ground Subsidence in Mining Area[J]. Journal of Geo-information Science, 2011 , 13(2) : 151 -156 . DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2011.00151


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