“Spectral Crust” Project: Research on New Mineral Exploration Technology

  • 1. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Sciences, Institute of Remote Sensing Application, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. China Geological Survey, Science and Technology Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Beijing 100037, China

Received date: 2012-03-28

  Revised date: 2012-05-14

  Online published: 2012-06-25

Supported by



On account of the current situation of Chinas increasing demand on energy sources and mineral resources, this article firstly analyzes the challenges encountered by current mineral exploration, summarizes research status of the new mineral exploration technology both at home and abroad, and then systematically introduces the basic concept, research contents and implementation significance of the "Spectral Crust". The paper points out that in the mineral exploration, through the spectral detection of the earths surface and crust surface within the scope of 1 km, the purpose of the "Spectral Crust" plan is to realize the use of hyperspectral technology on geological mapping of the Earths land surface and remote sensing detection of mineral altered information, as well as the spectrum detection of the core, establish the crust hyperspectral database set, and meet the need of mineral exploration using hyperspectral technology. The project of the "Spectral Crust" caters to the needs of national strategy, strengthens technological innovation and application mode innovation, improves the capability of mineral resources detection by spaceborne and airborne hyperspectral remote sensing, establishes the ground spectra measurement platform and spectral scanning, compiling, and analysis platform of the core, develops the integration of aerospace, aerial, surficial and belowground core based remote sensing stereo detection system. This project has great strategic significance and prospecting value, is the top design of hyperspectral remote sensing technology development, will solve the two big challenges of direct prospecting and deep prospecting and promote the development of whole countrys mineral exploration technology.

Cite this article

WANG Jinnian, LI Zhizhong, ZHANG Lifu, TONG Qingxi . “Spectral Crust” Project: Research on New Mineral Exploration Technology[J]. Journal of Geo-information Science, 2012 , 14(3) : 344 -351 . DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2012.00344


[1] 刘树臣. 发展新一代矿产勘探技术——澳大利亚玻璃地球计划的启示[J]. 地质与勘探,2003,39(5):53-56.

[2] 谢学锦. 矿产勘查的新战略[J]. 物探与化探,1997,21(6):402-410.

[3] 陈永清,夏庆霖. 技术矿产勘查技术发展现状与思考[J]. 地球物理进展,2002,17(3):540-550.

[4] 韩润生. 初论构造成矿地力学及其隐伏矿定位预测研究内容和方法[J]. 地质与勘探,2003,39(1):5-9.

[5] 刘德长,李志忠,王俊虎. 我国遥感地质找矿的科技进步与发展前景[J]. 地球信息科学学报,2011,13(4): 431-438.

[6] 甘甫平,王润生,杨苏明. 西藏 Hyperion 数据蚀变矿物识别初步研究[J]. 国土资源遥感,2002(4): 44-50.

[7] 甘甫平,刘圣伟,周强. 德兴铜矿矿山污染高光谱遥感直接识别研究[J]. 地球科学:中国地质大学学报,2004,29(1):119-126.

[8] Clark R,Swayze G. Mapping minerals, amorphous materials, environmental materials, vegetation, water, ice and snow, and other materials: The USGS Tricorder algorithm . Summaries of the Fifth Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop,1995,January 23-26, Green R O (Ed.).JPL Publication 95-1, 39-40.

[9] Swayze G, Higgins C, Clinkenbeard J,et al. Preliminary report on using imaging spectroscopy to map ultramafic rocks, serpentinites, and tremolite-actinolite-bearing rocks in California . US Geological Survey Open-File Report, 2004, 1304:20.

[10] Ellis R, Scott P. Evaluation of hyperspectral remote sensing as a means of environmental monitoring in the St. Austell China clay (kaolin) region, Cornwall, UK[J]. Remote Sensing of Environment, 2004, 93(1-2):118-130.

[11] Levesque J, Staenz K. A method for monitoring mine tailings revegetation using hyperspectral remote sensing[J]. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 2004(1):575-578.

[12] 童庆禧,薛永祺,王晋年,等. 地面成像光谱辐射测量系统及其应用[J]. 遥感学报,2010(3):409-422.

[13] 赵冬,孙韬,张立福,等. FISS 地面成像光谱辐射测量系统应用软件设计[J]. 第八届成像光谱技术与应用研讨会暨交叉学科论坛文集,2010.

[14] Kruse F. Identification and mapping of minerals in drill core using hyperspectral image analysis of infrared reflectance spectra[J]. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 1996, 17(9):1623-1632.

[15] Carr G,刘文灿. "玻璃地球"——穿透覆盖层勘查的地球化学前沿[J]. 国土资源情报,2002(12):46-50.

[16] 董树文,李廷栋. SinoProbe——中国深部探测实验[J]. 地质学报,2009,83(7): 895-909.