Challenges to Development and Socialization of GIS Technology

  • Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographical Environment, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China

Received date: 2013-05-15

  Revised date: 2013-07-10

  Online published: 2013-08-08


GIS should be able to support management, integration, sharing and analysis of different kinds of massive, dynamic, unstructured spatio-temporal data. The geometry, space, time, semantics, relationships, and attributes of geographical data should be integrated and expressed comprehensively. And the support for the description, analysis, problem solving and expression of real geographical environment and process should be maintained in a geographical information system. However,existing GIS technologies are still difficult to support the above-mentioned requirements from both theoretical and application perspectives. The spatio-temporal expression, data models, human-computer interaction and operational efficiency are still insufficient, which also lead to the lack of large demonstration projects in social applications. Therefore, it is necessary for GIS to essentially breakthrough such techniques as a unified spatio-temporal data model, effective data management, spatial index, GIS accelerator and various forms of expression and interactive capabilities. The GIS data model and organization should be spatio-temporal unified and need to represent the geographical entity and the spatial distribution of geographical phenomena. The GIS accelerator can support the progressive transmission of data according to the screen resolution constraints. And for the visualization and expression, it needs to develop various GIS expression and interaction methods based on the computer vision, true three-dimensional displays, virtual reality, actual situation fusion, etc. These technologies will form the key technology system supporting the formation of the social applications of GIS. Meanwhile, the correct comprehensive view at the world of the "GIS" concept should be established. In order to develop social applications of GIS, we must firstly establish the perspective of "comprehensive observation of the world" with GIS. Secondly, GIS develops from "geographical environment oriented" towards the "people-oriented", especially VideoGIS for the requirements of the mass media. In the construction of big demonstration projects of GIS social applications, genealogy GIS is a typical socialized GIS application, which plays important roles in the heritage of Chinese history and civilization. It should also promote the genealogy GIS which represented a major social engineering, in order to increase public awareness of participation, and promote the development of social applications GIS.

Cite this article

LV Guo-Nian, YUAN Lin-Wang, SHU Zhao . Challenges to Development and Socialization of GIS Technology[J]. Journal of Geo-information Science, 2013 , 15(4) : 483 -490 . DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2013.00483


[1] 吴升,王钦敏,励惠国. GIS的体系结构与全面社会化应用发展分析[J]. 地球信息科学,2005,7(3):76-80.

[2] 王法辉. 社会科学和公共政策的空间化和GIS的应用[J]. 地理学报,2011,66(8):1089-1100.

[3] Yuan L W, Yu Z Y, Chen S F, et al. CAUSTA: Clifford algebra based unified spatial-temporal analysis[J]. Transactions in GIS, 2010,14(S1):59-83.

[4] 闾国年. 地理分析导向的虚拟地理环境:框架、结构与功能[J]. 中国科学:地球科学,2011(4):549-561.

[5] 吴立新,陈学习,车德福,等. 一种基于 GTP 的地下真 3D 集成表达的实体模型[J]. 武汉大学学报信息科学版,2007,32(4):331-334.

[6] Fana Y T, Yanga J Y, Zhu D H, et al. A time-based integration method of spatio-temporal data at spatial database level[J]. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 2010, 51(11-12):1286-1292.

[7] Peuquet D J. Representations of space and time[M]. New York/London: The Guilford Press, 2002.

[8] McIntosh J, Yuan M. A framework to enhance semantic flexibility for analysis of distributed phenomena[J]. International Journal of Geographic Information Science, 2005, 19(10): 999-1018.

[9] 俞肇元,袁林旺,罗文,等. 边界约束的非相交球树实体对象多维统一索引[J]. 软件学报, 2012,23(10):2746-2759.

[10] 邓敏, 徐锐, 李志林,等. 空间查询中自然语言空间关系与度量空间关系的转换方法研究——以面目标为例[J]. 测绘学报, 2009, 38(6): 527-531.

[11] Gao Y, Zheng B, Chen G, et al. Continuous visible nearest neighbor query processing in spatial databases[J]. The VLDB Journal, 2011, 20(3): 371-396.

[12] 袁林旺,俞肇元,罗文,等. 基于共形几何代数的GIS三维空间数据模型[J]. 中国科学:地球科学,2010(12):1740-1751.

[13] Hildenbrand D, Pitt J, Koch A. Gaalop-high performance parallel computing based on conformal geometric algebra.//Bayro-Corrochano E and Scheuermann G (Eds.)[J]. Geometric Algebra Computing for Engineering and Computer Science. Springer Verlag, 2010.

[14] 袁林旺,闾国年,罗文,等. GIS多维统一计算的几何代数方法[J]. 科学通报,2012(4):282-290.

[15] 吴明光,. 跨媒介的地图色域映射方法研究[J]. 测绘学报,2012(2): 291-297.

[16] 温永宁,闾囯年,陈旻. 矢量空间数据渐进传输研究进展[J]. 地理与地理信息科学,2011(6):6-12.

[17] 王美珍,刘学军,吴勇,等. 基于可定位视频的电子导游系统[J]. 测绘通报,2011(2): 48-51.

[18] 胡迪,温永宁,闾国年,等. 基于GIS的家谱资源整合集成研究[J]. 人文地理,2012,27(1):50-53.