Full Three-Dimensional GIS and Its Key Roles in Smart City

  • Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering of Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China

Received date: 2013-12-01

  Revised date: 2014-01-08

  Online published: 2014-03-10


Three-dimensional GIS (3D GIS) is one of the primary and typical contents of GIS technology at present and in the future, which overcomes the constraints of representing 3D GIS spatial information in two-dimensional map, as well as provides a more effective decision-making support for people's daily life. This paper focuses on the research progress and its key technologies of 3D GIS, including the data model, database management and visual analysis. The pilot applications of 3D GIS in Wuhan are also illustrated. The entire 3D space of the city is represented by 3D GIS. Then construction of the large-scale city digitalization is enabled with the improvement of city management. Finally, the applications of 3D GIS for spatio-temporal information bearing engine and spatial intelligence in smart city and city safety are investigated.

Cite this article

zhu qing . Full Three-Dimensional GIS and Its Key Roles in Smart City[J]. Journal of Geo-information Science, 2014 , 16(2) : 151 -157 . DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2014.00151


[1] 朱庆. 3维GIS技术进展[J]. 地理信息世界,2011,9(2): 25-27.

[2] 宁振伟,朱庆,夏玉平. 数字城市三维建模技术与实践[M]. 北京:测绘出版社,2013.

[3] 李德仁,龚健雅,邵振峰.从数字地球到智慧地球[J]. 武汉大学学报:信息科学版,2010,35(2):127-132.

[4] 张文彤等. 城市三维建模技术规范[M]. 中国建筑工业出版社, 2010.

[5] Xu W P, Zhu Q, Zhang Y T. Semantic modeling approach of 3D city models and applications in visual exploration[J]. The International Journal of Virtual Reality, 2010, 9(3):67-74.

[6] 中国地理学会. 地图学与地理信息系统学科发展报告[M]. 北京:中国科学技术出版社,2014.

[7] 刘刚,吴冲龙,何珍文,等. 地上下一体化的三维空间数据库模型设计与应用[J]. 地球科学(中国地质大学学报),2011,36(2):367-374.

[8] Zhang Y T, Zhu Q, Liu G, et al. GeoScope: Full 3D geospatial information system case study[J]. Geo-Spatial Information Science, 2011,14(2):150-156.

[9] Zhu Q, Li Y. Hierarchical lane-oriented 3D road-network model[J]. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 2008, 22(5): 479-505.

[10] Zhu Q, Hu M Y. Semantics-based 3D dynamic hierarchical house property model[J]. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 2010, 24(2): 165-188.

[11] Gröger G, et al. OGC city geography markup language (CityGML) encoding standard V2.0[M]. OGC, 2012.

[12] Zhao J, Zhu Q, Du Z Q, et al. Mathematical morphology-based generalization of complex 3D building models incorporating semantic relationships[J]. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2012(68):95-111.

[13] Wu H Y, He Z W, Gong J Y. A virtual globe-based 3D visualization and interactive framework for public participation in urban planning processes Original Research Article[J]. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 2010,34(4): 291-298.

[14] 李晓明.顾及语义拓扑的大规模三维空间数据高效管理方法[D]. 武汉:武汉大学,2011.

[15] 周东波.顾及粒度的三维城市模型数据高效组织方法[D]. 武汉:武汉大学,2010.

[16] Zhu Q, Gong J, Zhang Y T. An efficient 3D R-tree spatial index method for virtual geographic environments[J]. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2007, 62(3): 217-224.

[17] Lin H, Chen M, Lu G N, et al. Virtual geographic environments (VGEs): A new generation of geographic analysis tool[J]. Earth-Science Reviews, 2013(126):74-84.