Spatial Development of Urban Fringe:A Case Study of Haidian District, Beijing

  • 1. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Key Laboratory of Urban-Rural Eco Planning & Green Building, Ministry of Education, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100085;
    2. Guangdong Urban & Rural Planning and Design Institute, Guangdong City Development Research Center, Guangzhou 510290, China

Received date: 2013-05-28

  Revised date: 2013-07-05

  Online published: 2014-03-10


In a period of rapid urbanization, the urban fringe changes most in the spatial structure and changes fastest in land-use with the urban expansion process, being characteristic in transitivity, dynamics and complexity. Studying on spatial evolution of urban fringe areas is of great significance for understanding urbanization and optimizing urban space structure. Based on summarizing the historical origins of Haidian District space development, this paper empirically analyzes the space expansion of urban fringe in Haidian District since the 1980s, by using RS / GIS technology. Combined with systems theory, it approaches to explore the factors which affect the space evolution of urban fringe in Haidian District. This study finds that, the spatial development of Haidian District has a unique geographical advantage and cultural origins, which is constantly moving and changing, under the effect of economy, population, transportation, policy and other factors combined, featured in irregular distribution along the ring road, more blurring boundary, overall moving to the northwest, annual growth rate first increased and then decreased while total area is increasing, expanding outwards mainly from 1995 to 2007 while internal filled mainly in other phases of development, regional differences such as spatial distribution and expansion intensity of different townships having different characteristics. This paper empirically verifies technical feasibility of using RS/GIS techniques, combined with systems theory to study issues related to the urban fringe. With the use of RS/GIS techniques for data collection and analysis, it improves scientificity and credibility of the research owing to a relatively objectivity, and providing direct support to the analysis on spatial evolution characteristics and influencing factors.

Cite this article

YAO Yue . Spatial Development of Urban Fringe:A Case Study of Haidian District, Beijing[J]. Journal of Geo-information Science, 2014 , 16(2) : 214 -224 . DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2014.00214


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