3D Modeling Method of Archaeological Sites Based on Hand Drawings

  • Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographical Environment, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China

Received date: 2013-05-27

  Revised date: 2013-06-25

  Online published: 2014-05-10


The archaeological sites are important places for the studying of ancient human activities. 3D modeling of archaeological sites could be helpful in the context of archaeological excavation unit representation and analysis, and therefore have great significance for the archaeological works such as ancient environmental restoration and historic preservation. Nevertheless, most of the archaeologists are still relying on hand drawings of the excavation units for their analysis and interpretation. These 2D representations are difficult to make an effective simulation of the archaeological site environment and cannot accurately repent the geometric and spatial relations of the cultural layers and the volumetric objects. In recent years, archaeologists have brought some new investigation technologies in 3D modeling of archaeological sites, but these methods cannot be applied to the archaeological sites in which excavation has been completed. To solve this problem, this paper presents a 3D modeling method of archaeological sites based on hand drawings. In this method, excavation unit is used as the basic modeling unit, and the cultural layers and the relics are modeled separately. Firstly, the excavation unit distribution diagrams and the excavation unit diagrams are used to establish the 3D models of archaeological cultural layers. Secondly, the relic diagrams are used to establish 3D models of archaeological relics. Thirdly, through 3D Boolean operations, these two models are integrated into complete 3D models of the archaeological sites. Finally, the 81-Dang east area, in Lixian County of Hunan Province has been chosen as the research region to verify the validity and practicality of this method. The research practice has proved that this method can make full use of the large amount of data accumulated in the traditional archaeological process, and is helpful to transform the qualitative descriptions of traditional archeology in macro scale to the quantitative description of modern digital archeology in microscopic scale.

Cite this article

LIN Bingxian, ZHOU Liangchen, SHENG Yehua, LV Guonian . 3D Modeling Method of Archaeological Sites Based on Hand Drawings[J]. Journal of Geo-information Science, 2014 , 16(3) : 349 -357 . DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2014.00349


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