Evaluation on Competitiveness of Important Ports along the Maritime Silk Road

  • 1. College of Geomatics of Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Online published: 2018-05-20

Supported by

Key Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.ZDRW-ZS-2016-6-3; Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province,No.ZR2016DM02.


The 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road is designed to go from China's coast to Europe through the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean in one route, and from China's coast through the South China Sea to the South Pacific in the other. The study on the competitiveness of the important ports in this region can provide beneficial suggestions for further constructions of ports. This paper evaluates the competitiveness of 99 important ports in 51 countries along the Maritime Silk Road via entropic weight-analytic hierarchy process with the help of the influence of natural conditions, hinterland, infrastructure, service, corruption perceptions index and different status in the ports' shipping network. This method can objectively assign weights to make the results more scientific. Final results show that (1) the spatial distribution of port competitiveness shows obvious regional characteristics, and it is significantly correlated to the development level of the country. The competitiveness of ports in the Mediterranean region is generally stronger, followed by ports in Asia, and the ports in Africa are the weakest. (2) The network status of a port has the greatest influence on port's competitiveness, and most of the high competitive ports are in strategic channels. (3) Although there are real competitiveness gaps of the ports invested by China compared with the mature ports along the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, a great space exists for further improvement of these ports.

Cite this article

YANG Ren,MOU Naixia,PENG Peng,LIU Xiliang,ZHANG Hengcai,LU Feng . Evaluation on Competitiveness of Important Ports along the Maritime Silk Road[J]. Journal of Geo-information Science, 2018 , 20(5) : 623 -631 . DOI: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2018.170515


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